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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: The OAST-1 Solar Array Experiment was flown on Shuttle mission STS-41D on August 31, 1984 for NASA's Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology. It is pointed out that this was the first flight demonstration of the operation of a large solar array which was designed for multiple deployments and retractions. The array represents also a new class of very lightweight, flexible, low-frequency structures. A program was, therefore, implemented with the aim to study the structural dynamics of the array on the basis of a photogrammetric analysis of data obtained with the existing Shuttle closed circuit television (CCTV) system. The present paper has the objective to describe the experiment and its implementation, taking into account the unique process of analyzing the video data.
    Keywords: SPACECRAFT DESIGN, TESTING AND PERFORMANCE
    Type: IAF PAPER 85-213
    Format: text
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Presented are the results of a feasibility study conducted to examine physical phenomena involved in gas-grain interactions using a Gas-Grain Simulation Facility (GGSF).
    Keywords: PHYSICS (GENERAL)
    Type: NAS 1.26:177468 , NASA-CR-177468
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The results of an ad-hoc committee investigation of in-Earth orbit operational anomalies noted on two identical Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) Scanner instruments on two different spacecraft busses is presented. The anomalies are attributed to the bearings and the lubrication scheme for the bearings. A detailed discussion of the pertinent instrument operations, the approach of the investigation team and the current status of the instruments now in Earth orbit is included. The team considered operational changes for these instruments, rework possibilities for the one instrument which is waiting to be launched, and preferable lubrication considerations for specific space operational requirements similar to those for the ERBE scanner bearings.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
    Type: NASA-TM-87636 , NAS 1.15:87636
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Three-dimensional fully self-consistent computer models were used to determine the evolution of galaxies consisting of 100 000 simulation stars. Comparison of two-dimensional simulations with three-dimensional simulations showed only a very slight stabilizing effect due to the additional degree of freedom. The addition of a fully self-consistent, nonrotating, exponential core/halo component resulted in considerable stabilization. A second series of computer experiments was performed to determine the collapse and relaxation of initially spherical, uniform density and uniform velocity dispersion stellar systems. The evolution of the system was followed for various amounts of angular momentum in solid body rotation. For initally low values of the angular momentum satisfying the Ostriker-Peebles stability criterion, the systems quickly relax to an axisymmetric shape and resemble elliptical galaxies in appearance. For larger values of the initial angular momentum bars develop and the systems undergo a much more drastic evolution.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: NASA-RP-1037 , L-12730
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) scanner instrument on the NOAA 10 spacecraft malfunctioned on May 22, 1989, after more than 4 years of in-flight operation. After the failure, all instrument operational mode commands were tested and the resulting data analyzed. Details of the tests and analysis of output data are discussed therein. The radiometric and housekeeping data appear to be valid. However, the instrument will not correctly execute operational scan mode commands or the preprogrammed calibration sequences. The data indicate the problem is the result of a failure in the internal address decoding circuity in one of the ROM (read only memory) chips of the instrument computer.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
    Type: NAS 1.15:102661 , NASA-TM-102661
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: An approach for producing a linear transfer characteristic between force command and force output of a magnetic bearing actuator without flux biasing is presented. The approach is microprocessor based and uses a table lookup to generate drive signals for the magnetic bearing power driver. An experimental test setup used to demonstrate the feasibility of the approach is described, and test results are presented. The test setup contains bearing elements similar to those used in a laboratory model annular momentum control device.
    Keywords: ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
    Type: NASA-TP-1838 , L-13969
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: The solar tracking unit was developed to support the Laser Heterodyne Spectrometer (LHS) airborne instrument, but has application to a general class of airborne solar occultation research instruments. The unit consists of a mirror mounted on two gimbals, one of which is hollow. The mirror reflects a 7.6 cm (3.0 in.) diameter beam of sunlight through the hollow gimbal into the research instrument optical axis. A portion of the reflected sunlight is directed into a tracking telescope which uses a four quadrant silicon detector to produce the servo error signals. The colinearity of the tracker output beam and the research instrument optical axis is maintained to better than + or - 1 arc-minute. The unit is microcomputer controlled and is capable of stand alone operation, including automatic Sun acquisition or operation under the control of the research instrument.
    Keywords: MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
    Type: NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center The 18th Aerospace Mech. Symp.; p 187-201
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: The Chevron-Kenya oil license, acquired in 1972, covers an area at the north end of the Lamu Embayment. Immediately after acquisition, a photogeologic study of the area was made followed by a short field inspection. An interpretation of LANDSAT-1 images as a separate attempt to improve geological knowledge was completed. The method used in the image study, the multispectral characteristics of rock units and terrain, and the observed anomalous features as seen in the LANDSAT imagery are described. It was found that the study helped to define the relationship of the Lamu Embayment and its internal structure with surrounding regional features, such as the East Africa rifting, the Rudolf Trough, the Bur Acaba structural ridge, and the Ogaden Basin.
    Keywords: EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
    Type: G-2 , NASA. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center NASA Earth Resources Surv. Symp., Vol. 1-B; p 605-624
    Format: text
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2014-09-18
    Description: The NASA Langley Research Center participated in the Solar Array Experiment with two primary objectives: (1) to study the structural and control dynamics of a new class of large, lightweight, low-frequency space structures, and (2) to develop technology for remote video measurement of structural motions. The shuttle orbiter's closed circuit television (CCTV) system was used to provide recorded video images of the solar array from four locations in the payload bay, two on the forward bulkhead and two on the aft bulkhead. White reflective targets were placed on the array to provide discrete points at which to track array motion. A dynamic test consisted of a quiescent period in which orbiter operations were inhibited and crew motion restricted, an excitation period, and a free decay period. The orbiter was placed in free drift while in a gravity gradient orientation and dynamics tests were timed to occur at orbital noon so that the Sun would illuminate one side of the array and Earth albedo the other. The CCTV system was turned on during the quiescent period, approximately 3 minutes prior to excitation. Video from all four CCTV cameras was recorded continuously through the excitation and free-decay periods for a total test record of 8 to 10 minutes.
    Keywords: ENERGY PRODUCTION AND CONVERSION
    Type: Large Space Antenna Systems Technol., 1984, Pt. 2; p 577-545
    Format: text
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: The following FORTRAN language computer codes are presented: (1) efficient two- and three-dimensional central force potential solvers; (2) a three-dimensional simulator of an isolated galaxy which incorporates the potential solver; (3) a two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulator of the Jeans instability in an infinite self-gravitating compressible gas; and (4) a two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulator of a rotating self-gravitating compressible gaseous system of which rectangular coordinate and superior polar coordinate versions were written.
    Keywords: PLASMA PHYSICS
    Type: NASA-CR-143286
    Format: application/pdf
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