Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Uteroglobin, a secretory protein of rabbit uterine epithelium, was localized by the direct immunoperoxidase method in control and hCG-induced pseudopregnant rabbits. In control rabbits, uteroglobin was confined to the apical cytoplasm of nearly all cells of the endometrial epithelium. The induction of pseudopregnancy resulted in a pronounced continuing increase, through 4 days post-hCG administration, in the absolute number of epithelial cells engaged in uteroglobin synthesis. Furthermore, the endoplasmic reticulum was more intensely stained for uteroglobin than in the epithelial cells of control rabbit endometrium. Thus, the increased production of uteroglobin, in response to hormonal stimulation, appears to be achieved both through an increase in the amount of uteroglobin synthesized by a given cell as well as by an increase in the number of cells involved in uteroglobin synthesis. Concurrent with the increase in the number of cells synthesizing uteroglobin, an increase in the number of unstained cells first appeared at the second day of pseudopregnancy, during the period of maximal epithelial proliferation. However, within those cells containing uteroglobin on the second day following injection with hCG, most staining was limited to the perinuclear membrane. At various times following hCG administration, a number of scattered cells, intensely stained for uteroglobin, were observed in the uterine epithelium. Based upon ultrastructural studies, failure to exclude trypan blue, and the presence of intra-mitochondrial uteroglobin, they were identified as cither dead or dying cells.
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