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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Jovian decametric (DAM) and hectometric (HOM) emissions were first observed over the entire spectrum by the Voyager 1 and 2 flybys of the planet. They display unusual arc-like structures on frequency-versus-time spectrograms. Software for the modeling of the Jovian plasma and magnetic field environment was performed. In addition, an extensive library of programs was developed for the retrieval of Voyager Planetary Radio Astronomy (PRA) data in both the high and low frequency bands from new noise-free, recalibrated data tapes. This software allows the option of retrieving data sorted with respect to particular sub-Io longitudes. This has proven to be invaluable in the analyses of the data. Graphics routines were also developed to display the data on color spectrograms.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: NASA-TM-89299 , NAS 1.15:89299
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Ray tracing of the Jovian magnetosphere in the low frequency range (1+40 MHz) has resulted in a new understanding of the source mechanism for Io dependent decametric radiation (DAM). Our three dimensional ray tracing computer code has provided model DAM arcs at 10 deg. intervals of Io longitude source positions for the full 360 deg of Jovian system III longitude. In addition, particularly interesting arcs were singled out for detailed study and modelling. Dependent decametric radiation arcs are categorized according to curvature--the higher curvature arcs are apparently due to wave stimulation at a nonconstant wave normal angle, psi. The psi(f) relationship has a signature that is common to most of the higher curvature arcs. The low curvature arcs, on the other hand, are adequately modelled with a constant wave normal angle of close to 90 deg. These results imply that for higher curvature arcs observed for from Jupiter (to diminish spacecraft motion effects) the electrons providing the gyroemission are relativistically beamed.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: NASA-CR-170237 , JPL-9950-801 , NAS 1.26:170237
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Ray tracing studies of Jovian low frequency emissions were studied. A comprehensive three-dimensional ray tracing computer code for examination of model Jovian decametric (DAM) emission was developed. The improvements to the computer code are outlined and described. The results of the ray tracings of Jovian emissions will be presented in summary form.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: NASA-CR-175462 , JPL-9950-981 , NAS 1.26:175462
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2006-02-14
    Description: The Voyager data in a newly produced noise-reduced and recalibrated format has been received. New color spectrograms were developed on high resolution color terminals which display this data. The production of these new spectrograms utilizing the new format data is quite important, because it eliminates a serious problem of noise contamination and miscalibration in the old data set. In addition, a new Jovian plasma model was introduced, which includes the Io torus and accounts for 7 ionic species. The new plasma model is important in the ray tracing of hectometric (HOM) and kilometric (KOM) radiation which may be influenced by the Io torus.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: NASA, Washington Reports of Planetary Astronomy, 1985; p 44-45
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: The composition and characteristics of the polar cap plasma for an Oct. 14, 1981 outflow of polar wind ions are examined using data from the DE 1 satellite. The on-board instruments included a plasma wave instrument, a retarding ion mass spectrometer (RIMS) and a high altitude plasma instrument (HAPI). The outflow took place at an altitude of about 19,000 km at a magnetic local time of about midnight. The total plasma density measured was about 50/cu cm, which was an order of magnitude higher than normally recorded at that location and altitude. The background hydrogen plasma was disturbed by highly collimated flows of hydrogen and oxygen ions. The H(+) ions had a mean energy of 0.15 eV and a density of 6-10/cu cm. The O(+) ions had an average density of 20/cu cm and a temperature of 0.26 eV. The total flux of outflowing H(+) and O(+) was about 10 million/sq cm per sec. The HAPI data indicated that the O(+) ions appeared in the dayside ionosphere and the H(+) ions detected by the RIMS originated in the nightside polar cap.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 91; 3321-332
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: Two-dimensional ray tracing of Z-mode radiation from sources in the auroral zone has been performed. The Z-mode waves are assumed to be excited by the cyclotron maser mechanism at frequencies near the electron gyrofrequency and at wave normal angles near 90 deg. The emission is found to propagate primarily perpendicular to the magnetic field line (horizontal propagation) for all sources considered, and thus not to substantially lower altitudes. The frequency bandwidth estimated from the ray paths is much less than that observed by DE-1. It is suggested that the wave source needs to be in the region of field-aligned current in order for the cyclotron maser mechanism to explain the broad frequency bandwidth of Z-mode emissions.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Geophysical Research Letters (ISSN 0094-8276); 12; 385-388
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: Three-dimensional ray tracing of the Jovian DAM emission has been performed utilizing the O-4 magnetic field model (Acuna and Ness, 1979) and a realistic plasma model. Minimal assumptions about the emission mechanism have been made that include radiation in the right-hand extraordinary mode, propagating nearly perpendicular to the field line at source points located just above the RX cutoff frequency along Io flux tubes. Ray tracing has been performed in the frequency range from 2-35 MHz from successive Io flux tubes separated by ten degrees of central meridian longitude for a full circumference of northern hemisphere sources. The results show unusual complexity in model arc spectra that is displayed in a constant Io phase format with many similarities to the Voyager PRA data. The results suggest much of the variation in observed DAM spectral features is a result of propagation effects rather than emission process differences.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 89; 1489-149
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: Observations of plasma at altitudes of 2-3 earth radii with the High Altitude Plasma Instrument (HAPI) on DE-1 indicate two distinct types of counterstreaming electron events. The type 1 event is characterized by two Maxwellian distribution functions, an isotropic high-temperature component and a field-aligned low temperature component. The type 2 event is distinguished by beams parallel and antiparallel to the magnetic field direction. The observations suggest two distinct mechanisms for accelerating counterstreaming electrons. Type 1 events appear to involve wave-particle interactions while type 2 events imply direct acceleration by oppositely-directed electric fields pointing toward the satellite along magnetic field lines.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: AFGL-TR-82-0337 , AD-A121706 , Geophysical Research Letters; 9; Sept
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  • 9
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: The paper deals with computer ray tracing results for lightning-generated whistlers propagating in the Jovian magnetosphere. The waves are launched from a point on the Jovian surface at 66 degrees latitude and propagate approximately along L = 6 out to near the equatorial plane and into the Io plasma torus. The results clearly indicate that the whistlers propagate with very little dispersion until they reach the torus, at which time the dispersion starts to increase very rapidly. Good agreement between the computed and observed dispersions is established.
    Keywords: LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORATION
    Type: Geophysical Research Letters; 7; Jan. 198
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: We use an analytical fit to an emission lobe profile together with three-dimensional ray tracing to model the broad-banded smooth Uranian kilometric radiation (UKR). We assume the radiation is gyroemission from sources along magnetic field lines. Using an iterative technique that modifies the lobe function and source region, the results are compared to observations at a frequency of 481 kHz. The best-fit calculations are compared to previously published models and to recent ultraviolet (UV) observations.
    Keywords: SPACE RADIATION
    Type: NASA-CR-190482 , JPL-9950-1369 , NAS 1.26:190482
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