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  • 1
    ISSN: 1618-2650
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract From a Cs doped Fe2O3-V2O5 (Fe:V=1.4) catalyst exhibiting an inhomogeneous composition after calcination, three different fractions have been separated by visual inspection. One fraction has been found to consist of mainly α-Fe2O3, another one of mainly FeVO4. The third fraction (S1 in the text) is the catalytically most active fraction containing besides both of the former components an amorphous phase of FexVyOz and also the dopant. By combining the results from transmission and conversion electron Mössbauer spectra it has been concluded that the amorphous component is enriched in the surface region of the crystallites of the catalyst. In addition, the formation of a thin surface layer of iron sulfide (Fe1−xS) on the third fraction has been identified. This sulfide is assumed to be formed during calcination from Cs2SO4 used for the preparation of the catalyst.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1618-2650
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1618-2650
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Summary The passivation of iron and steel (DIN 1623) was studied by integral and depth selective conversion electron Mössbauer spectroscopy and Auger electron spectroscopy. Thickness and phase composition of the passive layer formed in sulphate solution and in a phosphate buffer were determined in dependence on the anodic potential and the duration of the passivating procedure. The experimental results lead to the conclusion that not the whole oxidic layer is responsible for the passivity but only a very thin intermediate layer formed between the cubic substrate and the rhombic oxide (γ-FeOOH) cover.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1618-2650
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Mittels Mößbauerspektroskopie wurde gefunden, daß sich aus Rostkomponenten neben den normalen Eisen (III)- und Eisen (II)-phosphaten auch ein saures Eisen (III)-phosphat bilden kann, wenn sie mit konzentrierter Phosphorsäure behandelt werden. Voraussetzung hierfür ist, daß die Ausgangsphase eine reine Fe3+-Verbindung ist. Das saure Eisen(III)-phosphat, wahrscheinlich FeH3(PO4)2 · 2,5 H2O, enthält Fe3+ in nahezu kubischer Umgebung, die Kristallstruktur hat jedoch niedrigere Symmetrie. Unterhalb von 28 K setzt eine magnetische Ordnung ein. Es sind zwei Fälle mit verschiedener Spinstruktur und Verkantungen zu unterscheiden.
    Notes: Summary It was found by Mössbauer spectroscopy that an acid ferric phosphate in addition to the normal phosphates is formed by treatment of rust components with concentrated phosphoric acid, provided the initial phase is a pure Fe3+ compound. The acid ferric phosphate, probably FeH3(PO4)2 x 2.5 H2O, contains Fe3+ at an approximately cubic lattice site, although the crystal structure is of lower symmetry. Below 28 K, the substance shows magnetic ordering. Two different cases with canted spin structures were found.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1618-2650
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Summary Langmuir-Blodgett mono- and multilayers of ferric stearate have been formed on oxidized silicon wafers. Thermodesorption of these layers was investigated by conversion electron Mössbauer and photoelectron spectroscopy and some complementary methods. Heating of samples in air up to 523 K leads to a desorption of the fatty acid chains, while the ferric ions are left on the substrate surface. These ions do not cluster laterally like it was found for Cd ions. They form a rather homogeneous, closed oxidic layer. This well defined layer may be used afterwards for further studies of surface reactions as well as interface and intra-layer interactions. The surface iron ions were found to exhibit a reasonably high recoilless fraction. Therefore, Mössbauer spectroscopy allows to follow chemical, structural, and magnetic changes of the iron ions even if the surface is covered by less than one monolayer.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1618-2650
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Summary By the Langmuir-Blodgett technique, mono- and multilayers of ferric stearate were drawn onto silicon wafers. They were thermodesorbed in air at 250–300°C, and the layers formed in this way were found to consist of γ-FeOOH with defective stoichiometry. By heating in H2, the layers can be reduced to Fe2− and even to α-Fe. The latter is magnetically ordered and highly corrosion resistant. Chloride ions, however, induce fast corrosion. FeCl2, formed by this corrosion, is rather unstable and transforms to an Fe3+ phase. The high corrosion resistance of the metallic Fe layer is assumed to be due to its excellent homogeneity. The experiments were performed using XPS, AES, CEMS, and SEM.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1618-2650
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract By thermal and chemical treatment of Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) films, oxidic and metallic Fe and Ni layers can be prepared. The films are characterised, where differences e.g. in the lateral homogeneity are found. The metallic Fe containing samples show a higher corrosion stability as compared with films prepared by other coating techniques. Mixed Fe/Ni oxidic and metallic layers, respectively, are prepared, where the Ni concentration in the oxidic films can be determined as a function of the ratio of initially transferred numbers of LB layers. The phase composition of the metallic Fe changes systematically with the Ni concentration.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1588-2780
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
    Notes: Abstract Integral electron Mössbauer spectroscopy (ICEMS) and additionally some electrochemical methods were used to characterize the passivation process of iron (low carbon steel) in sulfate, sulfate+sulfite (a possible model solution of acid rain) solutions and in phospate buffer. The phase compositions and thicknesses of the passive layers formed due to the electrochemical polarizations were analyzed in dependence on the duration of the anodic passivations and on the pH of the used electrolytes. The passive layer, as determined from the Mössbauer spectra, consists mainly of γ-FeOOH, however in sulfite containing sulfate aqueous solution at pH 3.5 Fe3C and despite ex-situ circumstances FeSO4·H2O was detected after the shortest polarization time. The film thickness, which was found to grow nearly linearly with polarization time in pure sulfate solution and in phospate buffer, reached a maximum of 60–160 nm (depending on pH) in sulfate+sulfite solution after a passivation time of about 4 hours. It has been proved, that HSO3 −-ion, which is contained by acid rain, initiate pit formation under acid conditions and so enforces the corrosion of iron. The experimental results furthermore suggest, that not the whole oxidic layer is responsible for the passivity but only a very thin intermediate layer formed between an inner oxide layer of a cubic structure and the rhombic oxide (γ-FeOOH) cover.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1588-2780
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering
    Notes: Abstract A stacking Mössbauer technique, MMS has been applied for studying thin surface layers. The surface layers formed on the57Fe film in aqueous solutions of corrosion inhibitors, such as zinc phosphate and barium metaborate, and in distilled water was studied by this method. It has been found that the corrosion is much slower in the presence of zinc phosphate and barium metaborate. XPS analysis suggests the formation of a mixed iron zinc phosphate on the surface of the57Fe film after corrosion in a zinc phosphate solution.
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Information on physical and chemical properties, especially on the structure and chemical bonding of M[FeCl4]-complexes has been obtained by measurements of the optical absorption, the MÖSSBAUER effect and EPR. (M stands for a monovalent cation.) The iron(III) chlorocomplex compounds Ag[FeCl4], Rb[FeCl4] and Li[FeCl4] have been proved to exist within the systems MCl—FeCl3 by measurements of optical spectra and EPR.
    Notes: Durch optische Absorptionsmessungen, MÖSSBAUER- und EPR-Untersuchungen werden Ergebnisse über die physikalischen und chemischen Eigenschaften, die Struktur und die Bindungsverhältnisse in M[FeCl4]-Komplexen erhalten. Bei diesen Untersuchungen konnten die Komplexverbindungen Ag[FeCl4], Rb[FeCl4] und Li[FeCl4] mittels einer EPR-Methode bzw. optischer Absorptionsmessungen nachgewiesen werden.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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