Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Primary osteoblast-enriched (Ob) cultures from fetal rat bone synthesize insulinlike growth factor (IGF) I and IGF-II, which each enhance Ob function. While a number of agents modulate IGF-I production, IGF-II is constitutively expressed in this culture model. Independent of their expression, however, the activity of the IGFs can be modified by a small group of proteins termed IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs), but little is known about the regulation of individual IGFBPs that are synthesized by Ob cells. Northern blot analysis revealed that serum-deprived primary rat Ob cells. Northern blot analysis revealed that serum-deprived primary rat Ob cells express transcripts encoding IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, IGFBP-4, IGFBP-5, and IGFBP-6, but undetectable levels of IGFBP-1 transcripts. Western ligand blots of Ob culture medium probed with 125I-IGF-I or 125I-IGF-II showed predominant IGFBPs migrating at 30/32 kDa, with minor bands at 24 and 38-47 kDa. Western antibody analysis identified IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-5 within the 30/32 kDa complex, while gel mobility shift on SDS-PAGE following deglycosylation determined that IGFBP-3 comprised the 38-47 kDa complex. By Northern analysis, 6 h treatment with prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), growth hormone (hGH), IGF-I, or IGF-II revealed a complex pattern of regulatory effects on steady-state IGFBP transcript expression. PGE2 increased the transcript levels of IGFBP-3, IGFBP-4, and IGFBP-5, (∼22-, ∼2-, and ∼4-fold respectively), but had no effect on IGFBP-2 or IGFBP-6 transcripts. hGH enhanced IGFBP-3 and IGFBP-5 transcripts (each approximately twofold). IGF-I and IGF-II had no effect on IGFBP-2 steady-state transcript levels but enhanced the level of IGFBP-5 transcripts (approximately fourfold). By Western ligand blot analysis, 24 h treatment with PGE2 elevated the 24 and 38-47 kDa IGFBPs and to a lesser extent the 30/32 kDa complex, hGH elevated the 38-47 kDa IGFBPs, and IGF-I and IGF-II each increased the 30/32 kDa IGFBP complex. Therefore, a comparison of results obtained from Northern, Western ligand, and Western antibody studies indicates that multiple IGFBPs are expressed by primary rat Ob cultures. While IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-6 synthesis in Ob cultures is relatively unaffected by short-term treatment with PGE2, hGH, or the IGFs, these agents modify IGFBP-3, IGFBP-4, and IGFBP-5 expression with individual patterns of effects. In addition, some changes in IGFBP polypeptide levels that are independent of alterations in transcript expression may result from the formation of complexes between IGFs and certain IGFBPs, which could serve to store IGFs for future utilization in the formation phase of bone remodeling. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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