Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Full-wavefield inversion for distributions of acoustic velocity, density and Q on a vertical slice through a25D model is implemented for common-source gathers in a cross-hole geometry. The wavefield extrapolation used is 3D, so all geometrical spreading, scattering, reflection, and transmission effects are correctly and automatically compensated for. In order to keep the number of unknowns tractable, application was limited to 2.5D models of known geometry; the latter assurnes a prior step, such as tomography, to fix the layer geometries. With the model geometry fixed, reliable solutions are obtained using synthetic data from only two independent source locations. Solutions from data with noisy and missing traces are comparable to those from noise-free data, but with higher residuals. When the source locations are spatially widely separated, conunon-source gathers may be summed and treated as a single wavefield to yield the same model estimates as when the individual source wavefields are treated separately, at substantially reduced cost. Inversions for full 3D parameter distributions can be handled with the same software, requiring only solution for more unknowns.
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