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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Space science reviews 22 (1978), S. 777-789 
    ISSN: 1572-9672
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The double probe, floating potential instrumentation on ISEE-1 is producing reliable direct measurements of the ambient DC electric field at the bow shock, at the magnetopause, and throughout the magnetosheath, tail plasma sheet and plasmasphere. In the solar wind and in middle latitude regions of the magnetosphere spacecraft sheath fields obscure the ambient field under low plasma flux conditions such that valid measurements are confined to periods of moderately intense flux. Initial results show: (a) that the DC electric field is enhanced by roughly a factor of two in a narrow region at the front, increasing B, edge of the bow shock, (b) that scale lengths for large changes in E at the sub-solar magnetopause are considerably shorter than scale lengths associated with the magnetic structure of the magnetopause, and (c) that the transverse distribution of B-aligned E-fields between the outer magnetosphere and ionospheric levels must be highly complex to account for the random turbulent appearance of the magnetospheric fields and the lack of corresponding time-space variations at ionospheric levels. Spike-like, non-oscillatory, fields lasting 〈0.2 s are occasionally seen at the bow shock and at the magnetopause and also intermittently appear in magnetosheath and plasma sheet regions under highly variable field conditions. These suggest the existence of field phenomena occurring over dimensions comparable to the probe separation and ⩽c/ωpe (the ‘characteristic’ electron cyclotron radius) where ω pe is the electron plasma frequency.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1572-9672
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract The Polar satellite carries a system of four wire booms in the spacecraft spin plane and two rigid booms along the spin axis. Each of the booms has a spherical sensor at its tip along with nearby guard and stub surfaces whose potentials relative to that of their sphere are controlled by associated electronics. The potential differences between opposite sphere pairs are measured to yield the three components of the DC to 〉1 MHz electric field. Spheres can also be operated in a mode in which their collected current is measured to give information on the plasma density and its fluctuations. The scientific studies to be performed by this experiment as well as the mechanical and electrical properties of the detector system are described.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: Data are presented on the evolution of electric field structures near the MAIMIK mother-daughter tethered rocket during active electron emissions from the rocket, which consisted of two separately instrumented payload sections which were detached in-flight. The results of the E field data analysis show that the temporal behavior of the fields was consistent with ion responses to the rapid charging of the active payload. A qualitative model of the interaction between the active payload and the ambient plasma background is developed to explain the electric field data, including the apparent causal relationship between the radial and tangential impulse components.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 96; 3601-361
    Format: text
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: The observation of a geomagnetic signature in the zonal eastward plasma flow, which is a striking feature of the equatorial ionosphere in the evening quadrant is reported. These observations were derived fronm (E x B)/B-squared measurements made with the cylindrical double-floating-probe experiment carried on the Dynamics Explorer 2 satellite. The signature consists of a crest-trough-crest effect in the latitude dependence of the eastward plasma flow with the crests at + or - 8 dip latitude and the trough nearly centered at the dip equator at all geographic longitudes. This phenomenon can be readily interpreted in terms of the altitude dependence of the F region dynamo electric field, and it is related to dip equator signatures in the plasma density and the magnetic declination which have been reported earlier.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 92; 311-315
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: Two rockets were launched simultaneously from the Andoya Rocket Range in northern Norway into and through a Harang discontinuity region during a small isolated substorm. Each was equipped with an array of instruments for monitoring ionospheric electric fields and auroral particles. Different sized rockets allowed both to traverse a range of 300 km while introducing altitude separations of up to 440 km, and separations between the feet of the magnetic field lines intersecting the payloads of up to 100 km. The data sets, coupled with multi-station ground-based observations, provide information on the structure and dynamics of the Harang discontinuity region. Two boundaries were encountered. The first electric field reversal was observed simultaneously by both payloads in a region of weak precipitation, while the second reversal was associated with an intense auroral band. Since an unambiguous interpretation of these data is not possible, two alternative scenarios are presented. In one the discontinuity becomes realigned during the flight following a decay in the activity. The second involves a triple cell convection system, possibly the result of an eddy in the flow.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics (ISSN 0021-9169); 47; 693-705
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: The Dynamics Explorer satellites have returned a large body of data containing high resolution magnetometer measurements and distributions of charged particles of all but thermal electrons. From these data the relations of the field aligned currents to particle precipitation structures were investigated and the charge carriers were identified. Results include the following: (1) during very quiet periods, field aligned currents exist primarily as fine structure; (2) during onset of substorms, region 1 and region 2 become clearly evident but contain significant structure; (3) as magnetic activity subsides, current regions become less distinct, and structure becomes more dominant; (4) the distribution of the upward currents derived from magnetometer data and calculated from suprathermal electron data agree remarkably well in shape but not necessarily in magnitude; (5) at all local times, 5 eV electrons seldom carry most of the upward current; (6) except for the accelerated inverted-V electrons, the dominant upward current carriers which are masured are below 500 eV and are distributed in energy; (7) dusk upward currents (region 1) are associated with the boundary plasma sheet; and (8) suprathermal electron bursts are important current carrying structures.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Advances in Space Research (ISSN 0273-1177); 5; 4, 19; 109-126
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: It is proposed that meteoric and other debris descending through the mesosphere constitute a natural Van de Graaf generator for vertical electric fields within the mesosphere. Dust and aerosol particles falling from above 85 km are charged negatively in the upper D-region. Charge is lost in the region below 70 km. This net charge transport creates a vertical polarization electric field. Calculated fields are in the range of 10 mV/m for the average input of meteoric debris. Observed vertical electric fields are confined to a few occasions when large fields of the order of 4 V/m are observed to maximize at 65 km. Calculated fields from this model also maximize at this altitude, but a special event with increased dust density or another mechanism to increase relative vertical velocity is required to explain the large fields. Such large values are the exception rather than the rule for D-region vertical electric fields.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics (ISSN 0021-9169); 52; 695-705
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2011-08-24
    Description: The paper reports both dc and ac measurements of equatorial electric fields from the San Marco D satellite. These measurements were performed with double floating probe sensors and have yielded a surprising number of new phenomena and effects in regions of equatorial spread-F. Among the phenomena observed are unexpected large-amplitude Rayleigh-Taylor updrafting velocities in equatorial bubbles.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Advances in Space Research (ISSN 0273-1177); 13; 1, Ja
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2011-08-24
    Description: Results from the double floating probe experiment performed on the San Marco D satellite are presented, with emphasis on the observation of large incremental changes in the convective electric field vector at the boundary of equatorial plasma bubbles. Attention is given to isolated bubble structures in the upper ionospheric F regions; these observed bubble encounters are divided into two types - type I (live bubbles) and type II (dead bubbles). Type I bubbles show varying degrees of plasma depletion and large upward velocities range up to 1000 km/s. The geometry of these bubbles is such that the spacecraft orbit may cut them where they are tilting either eastward or (more often) westward. Type II bubbles exhibit plasma density depletion but no appreciable upward convection. Both types of events are usually surrounded by a halo of plasma turbulence, which can extend considerably beyond the region of plasma depletion.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 97; A3, M
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  • 10
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: The present analysis of electric field measurements from the Dynamics Explorer 2 satellite, which extends previous empirical models, emcompasses much data from polar crossings entering and exiting the high latitudes in all magnetic local time zones. The goal is to represent the typical distributions of convective electric fields with a minimum number of characteristic patterns. Significant large-scale revisions of the OGO 6 dawn-dusk measurement models are made. The deformations of the two-cell patterns lead to sunward convection in dayside polar regions, while maintaining the integrity of the nightside convection pattern.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 92; 4467-448
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