Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Nidogen/entactin is a Mr = 150,000 glycoprotein which is present within basement membranes in a noncovalent stable complex with laminin. We have studied the effects of nidogen/entactin complexed or not with laminin on attachment, spreading, and functions of adult rat hepatocytes in primary culture. Freshly isolated hepatocytes attached on either recombinant or EHS-derived nidogen, although to a lesser extent than on laminin/nidogen complex, laminin, and E8 and P1 fragments of laminin. Hepatocytes bound on a nidogen fragment bearing the N-terminal and rod-like domains but not on either the N-terminal globules or the rod-like domain which contains a RGD sequence. Attachment of hepatocytes on nidogen and laminin/nidogen complex was inhibited by anti-β 1 integrin antibodies. Hepatocytes remained rounded on nidogen and laminin, whereas they rapidly spread on laminin/nidogen complex and collagen IV. Nidogen, laminin, and laminin/nidogen complex transiently maintained high steady-state albumin mRNA levels in cultured hepatocytes, but a decrease in albumin mRNA content was observed after 24 h, independently of the substrates. Actinomycin D and cycloheximide treatment indicated that the transient effect of these substrates on albumin expression was related to post-transcriptional mechanisms. Laminin B2 mRNAs were not detectable in freshly isolated hepatocytes but were expressed in 4 h hepatocyte cultures. After 24 h, a dramatic increase in the steady-state level of laminin B2 mRNA was found in hepatocytes cultured on nidogen and laminin/nidogen complex. This effect was slightly prevented in hepatocytes plated on laminin. These results show that interactions of hepatocytes with nidogen/entactin in vitro result only in a transient modulation of hepatocyte functions. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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