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  • 1
    ISSN: 0730-2312
    Keywords: cathepsin-B ; tissue transglutaminase ; mesangial cell apoptosis ; mRNA expression ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Mesangial matrix is a dynamic structure which modulates mesangial cell function. Since accumulation of matrix precedes the development of focal glomerulosclerosis, we studied the effect of different matrices on mesangial cell (MC) apoptosis. Suspended mesangial cells became apoptotic in a time dependent manner. Collagen type III did not modulate MC apoptosis when compared to cells grown on plastic. MCs grown on Matrigel, collagen type I and IV showed an increased number of apoptotic cells when compared to MCs grown on plastic. DNA end-labeling further confirmed these observations. MCs grown on Matrigel showed enhanced (P 〈 0.05) mRNA expression for tissue transglutaminase (TTG) and cathepsin-B. Mesangial cells grown on Matrigel also showed enhanced expression of superoxide dismutase (SOD). We conclude that mesangial cells require attachment to the matrix for their survival and alteration of the quality of matrix modulates mesangial cell apoptosis. J. Cell. Biochem. 68:22-30, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Macrophages may modulate mesangial expansion following renal injury via secretory products. We undertook the present study to determine the effects of macrophages supernatants on mesangial cell proliferation. Macrophage supernatants collected in serum-free media after 24 hours caused significantly enhanced mesangial cell proliferation in long-term culture at concentration up to 50% but caused suppression at higher concentration (control, 122,000 ± 14,000 cells/well: 50% supernatant, 188,000 ± 15,100 cells/well, p 〈 0.02 compared to control, n = 4; 80% supernatant, 52,000 ± 3,500 cells/well, P 〈 0.01 compared to control, n = 4). In short-term culture [3H] thymidine incorporation, a measure of DNA synthesis, was significantly enhanced compared to control at supernatant concentrations up to 30% (30% supernatant, 4,120 ± 310 cpm/well; control, 3,210 ± 97 cpm/well, P 〈 0.5, n = 4), but uptake was reduced at high concentration (80% supernatant, 2,900 ± 74 cpm/well; control, 3,210 ± 97 cpm/well, P 〈 0.05, n= 4) When macrophages supernatants were collected after 48 hours incubation and incubated with mesangial cells, mesangial cell thymidine uptake was significantly suppressed compared to control (48-hours supernatant, 4,060 ± 260 cpm/well; control, 5,890 ± 270 cpm/well, P 〈 0.01, n = 4) and comapared to 24-hour supernatants, which enhanced uptake (24-hour supernatant, 8,080 ± 340 cpm/well; control, 5,890 ± 270 cpm/well, P 〈 0.01, n =4). Our results suggest that macrophages supernatants can directly enhance mesangial cell proliferation in vitro in both short-term and long-term culture, though this effect is lost at high concentrations of supernatant. These data lend support to the potential role of the macrophage in mediating mesangial expansion following renal injury. © 1993 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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