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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, N.Y. : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 69 (1998), S. 81-86 
    ISSN: 0730-2312
    Keywords: cell communication ; osteoblasts ; stromal cells ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: We characterized the formation and regulation of the gap junction in calvarial osteoblasts and in a series of subtypes from marrow stromal cells. The stromal cells included osteogenic, chondro-osteogenic, and endothelial cells. The cell coupling was measured by using fluorescence dye injected into single cells, and its migration to neighboring cells was measured. The functional coupling of cells was highly expressed by the osteoblastic cells. This process is mediated through fast changes in intracellular Ca+2 levels. Calcium ionophore (A 23187) demonstrated an uncoupling effect on the cells. In addition, the exposure of the cells to the parathyroid hormone increased the formation of the gap junction complex; the highest level was demonstrated in the osteoblastic cells. J. Cell. Biochem. 69:81-86, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, N.Y. : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 69 (1998), S. 282-290 
    ISSN: 0730-2312
    Keywords: estrogen modulation ; osteoblastic cells ; plasma membrane receptors ; nuclear receptors ; gap junction communication ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Two osteoblastic cell populations, calvarial and marrow stromal cells, were exposed to estrogen derivatives in vitro. The hormonal effect was monitored by following intracellular Ca+2 levels [Ca+2]i and gap-junction communication. We measured fast changes in intracellular Ca+2 levels in response, of these cells, to the steroid hormones. The changes were dose dependent revealing maximal activity at 100 pM by 17-β-Estradiol and 1 nM by estradiol-CMO. Additionally, the effect of estrogen, on functional coupling of the cells, was measured using fluorescence dye migration and counting the number of neighboring cells coupled by gap junctions. An uncoupling effect was demonstrated in response of these cells to estrogen treatment. The quick stereospecific effect was achieved in the presence of 17-β-estradiol but not in the presence of 17-α-estradiol. These results suggest the involvement of plasma membrane receptors in addition to the already known nuclear receptors in transducing the hormone effects in the osteoblastic cells. J. Cell. Biochem. 69:282-290, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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