Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Copolyesters derived from adipic acid, trans-3-hexenedioic acid and 1,16-hexadecanediol were prepared and investigated by means of X-ray diffraction and DSC techniques. From the X-ray results an isomorphous replacement of the saturated and unsaturated diacid units has been suggested. The equilibrium melting temperature Tm0 and the heat of fusion ΔHf were slightly dependent on the copolyester composition. The crystallization process was analyzed by means of Hoffman's kinetic crystallization theory for a lamellar type crystal growth. The values of the free energy of formation of a nucleus of critical dimensions φ* and the free energy of folding σe were found to decrease regularly with increasing amount of double bonds, varying from 110 to 83 kJ/mol for Δφ* and from 171 to 127 erg/cm2 for σe. This effect has been interpreted on the basis of an increase of chain flexibility owing to the presence of the trans double bonds.
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