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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0479
    Keywords: Keywords and Phrases: Strategy-proofness, Efficiency, Linear production set. ; JEL Classification Numbers: C78, D71.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Economics
    Notes: Summary. In a linear production model, we characterize the class of efficient and strategy-proof allocation functions, and the class of efficient and coalition strategy-proof allocation functions. In the former class, requiring equal treatment of equals allows us to identify a unique allocation function. This function is also the unique member of the latter class which satisfies uniform treatment of uniforms.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: Nous proposons une méthode pour évaluer la capacité des systèmes de taxation du revenu de diminuer la pauvreté, lorsque celle-ci est définie en cohérence avec une notion de niveau de vie issue de l'éthique de la responsabilité. Selon cette éthique, toutes les inégalités ne sont pas injustes. Nous supposons que les inégalités de revenu dues aux inégalités de temps de travail ne sont pas injustes. Pour résoudre le problème de la comparaison entre ménages de tailles différentes, nous introduisons un concept d'échelle d'équivalence de temps de travail. Nous appliquons la méthode à l'évaluation du système fiscal belge.
    Description: To what extent do income taxation systems decrease poverty? We raise this question under the assumption that well-being is defined in line with the ethics of responsibility. It requires considering that not all inequalities are unjust. Here, we do consider that inequalities stemming from labor time differences are not unjust. To compare households of different sizes, we introduce a labor time equivalence scale. We apply the resulting method to the Belgian tax system.
    Keywords: D63 ; I32 ; ddc:330 ; well-being ; poverty ; responsibility ; labor income taxation ; Belgium
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: French
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Munich: Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-19
    Description: We investigate whether the simple plurality rule aggregates information efficiently in a large election with three alternatives. The environment is the same as in the Condorcet Jury Theorem (Condorcet (1785)). Voters have common preferences that depend on the unknown state of nature, and they receive imprecise private signals about the state of nature prior tovoting. With two alternatives and strategic voters, the simple plurality rule aggregates information efficiently in elections with two alternatives (e.g., Myerson (1998)). We show that there always exists an efficient equilibrium under the simple plurality rule when there are three alternatives as well. We characterize the set of inefficient equilibria with two alternatives and the condition under which they exist. There is only one type of inefficient equilibrium with two alternatives. In this equilibrium, voters vote unresponsively because they all vote for the same alternative. Under the same condition, the same type of equilibrium exists with three alternatives. However, we show that the number and types of coordination failures increase with three alternatives, and that this leads to the existence of other types of inefficient equilibria as well, including those in which voters vote informatively.
    Keywords: C72 ; D71 ; D72 ; D82 ; ddc:330 ; efficient information aggregation ; simple plurality rule ; Poisson games ; Condorcet Jury Theorem ; Abstimmungsregel ; Information ; Aggregation ; Gleichgewicht ; Spieltheorie ; Wirtschaftliche Effizienz ; Theorie
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2016-11-15
    Description: In a model in which agents differ in wages and preferences over labor time-consumption bundles, we study labor income tax schemes that alleviate poverty. To avoid conflict with individual well-being, we require redistribution to take place between agents on both sides of the poverty line provided they have the same labor time. This requirement is combined with efficiency and robustness properties. Maximizing the resulting social preferences under incentive compatibility constraints yields the following evaluation criterion: tax schemes should minimize the labor time required to reach the poverty line. We apply this criterion to European countries and the US.
    Keywords: D63 ; H21 ; I32 ; ddc:330 ; well-being ; poverty ; labor income taxation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-217X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Sociology , Economics
    Notes: Abstract. We consider a simple production model and we assume that agents have unequal production skills which can in no way be attributed to their responsibility. We study how it is possible, if at all, to compensate for differential skills by applying Rawls's idea of a collective sharing in the benefits of skills. For this purpose, we introduce an axiom of solidarity, according to which agents should all be affected in the same direction if the profile of personal skills changes. We show that particular allocation rules are characterized be combining this axiom with a requirement of non-discrimination among preferences, or with a property capturing Nozick's idea of guaranteeing a minimal benefit from one's own skill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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