Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
The effect of the dicumylperoxide (DCPO) concentration on the kinetics of the bulk functionalization of an ethylene-propylene copolymer (EPR) has been studied. It has been found that, enhancing the DCPO initial concentration in the reaction mixture, results in both increased initial reaction rate and grafting process efficiency. DCPO content also affects degradation, which always accompanies the grafting reaction. At high DCPO content, products with a high degree of grafting and intrinsic viscosity close to that of the parent copolymer can be obtained. Furthermore, the influence of the EPR composition and chain microstructure on the functionalization as well as on the degradation processes has been investigated. By increasing the C2 content in EPRs prepared by using vanadium-based conventional catalysts, obtains faster functionalization kinetics and a less pronounced degradation of the products. At fixed experimental conditions, the highest grafting degrees have been obtained by using EPRs prepared by high-yield titanium catalysts and characterized as a block-like microstructure. The experimental results have been interpreted on the basis of a proposed reaction mechanism.
Type of Medium: