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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2015-10-27
    Description: Furnas volcano, in São Miguel island (Azores), being the surface expression of rising hydrothermal steam, is the site of intense carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) release by diffuse degassing and fumaroles. While the diffusive CO 2 output has long (since the early 1990s) been characterized by soil CO 2 surveys, no information is presently available on the fumarolic CO 2 output. Here, we performed (in August 2014) a study in which soil CO 2 degassing survey was combined for the first time with the measurement of the fumarolic CO 2 flux. The results were achieved by using a GasFinder 2.0 tunable diode laser. Our measurements were performed in two degassing sites at Furnas volcano (Furnas Lake and Furnas Village), with the aim of quantifying the total (fumarolic + soil diffuse) CO 2 output. We show that, within the main degassing (fumarolic) areas, the soil CO 2 flux contribution (9.2 t day −1 ) represents a minor (~15 %) fraction of the total CO 2 output (59 t day −1 ), which is dominated by the fumaroles (~50 t day −1 ). The same fumaroles contribute to ~0.25 t day −1 of H 2 S, based on a fumarole CO 2 /H 2 S ratio of 150 to 353 (measured with a portable Multi-GAS). However, we also find that the soil CO 2 contribution from a more distal wider degassing structure dominates the total Furnas volcano CO 2 budget, which we evaluate (summing up the CO 2 flux contributions for degassing soils, fumarolic emissions and springs) at ~1030 t day −1 .
    Print ISSN: 1343-8832
    Electronic ISSN: 1880-5981
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by SpringerOpen
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