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  • 1
    Series available for loan
    Series available for loan
    Braunschweig : Inst. für Geophysik und Meteorologie der Techn. Univ. Braunschweig
    Associated volumes
    Call number: SR 93.0336(10)
    In: Geophysikalische Arbeiten sowie Mitteilungen aus Meteorologie und Astrophysik
    Type of Medium: Series available for loan
    Pages: 67 S.
    Series Statement: Gamma 10
    Language: German
    Location: Lower compact magazine
    Branch Library: GFZ Library
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Biological cybernetics 57 (1987), S. 187-195 
    ISSN: 1432-0770
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Computer Science , Physics
    Notes: Abstract We compare several algorithms for the recognition of ordered and disordered images. As image sources we use waves of the Belousov-Zhabotinskii reaction coupled to convective motion in a petri dish. This device allows reversibly the generation of periodic (ordered) and aperiodic (disordered) patterns. The best match between the parametric description and the observations is obtained by an “autodifference function”. This function is computed by summing up intensity differences over all pairs of picture elements having a given distance on the picture plane. Then, the minimum of this function is determined upon variation of the distance. This algorithm is not only efficient for the recognition of order and disorder in “machine vision”, but also plausible in biological visual perception.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-1017
    Keywords: Bacteriorhodopsin ; blue membrane ; purple membrane films ; electric-field-induced states ; dielectric dispersion
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Physics
    Notes: Abstract Electric field induced conformational changes of bacteriorhodopsin were studied in six types of dried film (randomly and electrically oriented membranes of purple as well as cation-depleted blue bacteriorhodopsin) by measuring the frequency dependence of the optical absorbance change and the dielectric dispersion and absorption. For the purple bacteriorhodopsin the optical absorbance change induced by alternating rectangular electric fields of ±300 kV/cm altered the sign twice in the frequency range from 0.001 Hz to 100 kHz (around 0.03 Hz and 100 kHz), indicating that the electric field induced conformational change in these samples consists of, at least, three steps. Similarly, it was found for the blue bacteriorhodopsin that at least two steps are involved. In accord with optical measurements, the dielectric behaviour due to alternating sinusoidal electric fields of±6kV/cm in the frequency range from 10 Hz to 10 MHz showed two broad dispersion/absorption regions, one below 1 kHz and the other around 10–100 kHz. This suggests that the conformational change of bacteriorhodopsin is also reflected by its dielectrical properties and that it is partially induced at 6 kV/cm. Including previous results obtained by analysis of the action of DC fields on purple membrane films, a model for a field-induced cyclic reaction for purple as well as blue bacteriorhodopsin is proposed. In addition it was found that there are electrical interactions among purple membrane fragments in dried films.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A colored banding pattern for human chromosomes is described that distinguishes each chromosome in a single fluorescence in situ hybridization with a set of subregional DNA probes. Alu/polymerase chain reaction products of various human/rodent somatic cell hybrids (fragment hybrids) were pooled into two probe sets that were labeled differentially and detected by red and green fluorescence. Chromosome regions hybridized by DNA present in both pools appeared yellow. The result was a multi-color set of 110 distinct signals per haploid chromosome set for the human karyotype. Each individual chromosome showed a unique sequence of signals, a result termed the “chromosome bar code”. The reproducibility of the hybridization pattern in various labeling and hybridization experiments was analyzed by computer densitometry. We have applied the chromosome bar code both in diagnostic cytogenetics and in genome studies. The approach allows the rapid identification of chromosomes and chromosome rearrangements. Although not yet showing the resolution of classical banding patterns, the present experiments demonstrate various applications in which the present multi-color bar code can significantly add to the spectrum of cytogenetic techniques.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-1130
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The large-volume sampling of aqueous samples in a programmed temperature vaporizer (PTV) injector was used successfully for the target and non-target analysis of real samples. In this still rarely applied method, e.g., 1 mL of the water sample to be analyzed is slowly injected direct into the PTV. The vaporized water is eliminated through the split vent. The analytes are concentrated onto an adsorbent inside the insert and subsequently thermally desorbed. The capability of the method is demonstrated using a sample from the river Elbe. By means of coupling this method with a mass selective detector in SIM mode (target analysis) the method allows the determination of pollutants in the concentration range up to 0.01 μg/L. Furthermore, PTV enrichment is an effective and time-saving method for non-target analysis in SCAN mode. In a sample from the river Elbe over 20 compounds were identified.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1420-9136
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Ein elektronischer Schallspektrograph wurde benutzt, um die nichtstationären Vorgänge in komplizierten Erdbeben- und Explosionswellen zu analysieren. Die Analyse von nichtstationären Vorgängen mittels dieses Schallspektrographen ergibt unmittelbar die Gruppengeschwindigkeit jeder einzelnen Spektralfrequenz für die verschiedenen seismischen Wellenphasen, die ja solche nichtstationären Vorgänge darstellen. Verglichen mit einer gewöhnlichen Frequenzanalyse liefert diese Art von Analyse die Spektralfeinstruktur des zeitlich sich ändernden Signals und nicht ein Mittel über ein Zeitintervall, das einen grösseren Teil des seismischen Schwingungsablaufs umfasst. Sowohl Dispersionserscheinungen in derP-Welle als auch deren diskretes Amplitudenspektrum wurden mit Hilfe dieser Analyse seismischer Signale festgestellt. Dispersion wurde mit ziemlicher Wahrscheinlichkeit auch bei derS-Welle beobachtet, und in den verschiedenen mehrfachreflektiertenS-Wellen zeigt sich in aufeinanderfolgenden Reflexionen eine Periodenzunahme. Das disperse Erscheinungsbild der Oberflächenwellen in ihrer Grundschwingungstype und den zugehörigen Schwingungstypen höherer Ordnung wurde für ozeanischen, kontinentalen und gemischten Weg aufgenommen. Unter diesen Wellentypen findet sich eine klare Andeutung der kontinentalen Scherschwingungsform zweiter Ordnung vom Rayleigh-Typus (Second Shear Mode). Die Aufspaltung von Oberflächenwellen für direkten und antipodalen Weg wurde ebenfalls erreicht. Unsere Ergebnisse zeigen eine gute Übereinstimmung mit den von herkömmlichen Methoden stammenden Resultaten. Die Dispersion von Wellentypen erster und höherer Ordnung, die durch Explosionen im Seichtwasser angeregt werden, kann leicht an Hand der Schallspektrogramme und momentanen Amplitudenspektren ihrer seismischen Signale untersucht werden. Solche Seichtwasserdetonationen zeigen Pulsationen und Airy-Phasen, die sich eindeutig auf den Spektrogrammen und Amplitudenbildern abzeichnen.
    Notes: Summary An electronic sound spectrograph has been used to analyze the transients in complicated earthquake and explosion signals. Transient analysis with a sound spectrograph gives a means for directly obtaining group velocity at each of the spectral frequencies for each of the separate arrival branches, for any type of transient signal. Compared to frequency analysis, it presents the fine spectral structure of the signal as it changes with time, not an average over a time that includes many parts of the seismic signal. Dispersion as well as the body wave spectrum of theP wave has been observed by transient analysis of seismic signals. Dispersion has also possibly been observed in theS wave, and in the various multiply reflectedS waves, which have been found to increase in period from one arrival to the next. The dispersed pattern of arrival of fundamental and higher mode surface waves has been observed for oceanic, continental, and mixed paths. Among these signals is a clear indication of the continental second shear mode. The separation of surface waves for the direct and complementary paths has also been accomplished. Our results compare well with those obtained by standard techniques. The dispersion of the fundamental and higher mode signals from explosive sources in shallow water may be easily studied by making sound spectrograms and amplitude sections of these seismic signals. These shallow water shots show bubble pulses and Airy phases, which are clearly defined on the spectrograms and sections.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Archive of applied mechanics 67 (1997), S. 353-363 
    ISSN: 1432-0681
    Keywords: Key words rail dynamics ; contact mechanics ; stability of motion
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Summary In this paper we investigate the stability behaviour of wheelset-track dynamics for high frequencies. Both the contact and the track model are frequency domain models. The discrete support of the rail as well as nonstationary contact is considered. The high frequency interactions between track and contact mechanics can be described as a feedback system, and a stability analysis can be performed in the frequency domain. Finally, the stability behaviour of an ICE-wheelset on a UIC60 track is presented.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1420-9136
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Magnetbandaufzeichnungen von Erdbebensignalen können, mit vervielfachter Geschwindigkeit wiedergegeben, mittels eines elektronischen Schallspektrographen analysiert werden. Das zeitabhängige Raumwellenspektrum, das man aus einer solchen Analyse nichtstationärer Vorgänge erhält, gibt einen gewissen Einblick in die physikalischen Eigenschaften des Erdinnern. So wurde im kurzperiodischen Anteil der Raumwellen, die durch den äusseren und inneren Erdkern gelaufen sind, Dispersion beobachtet. BeiP′ wurde im Periodenbereich zwischen 1 und 2 Sekunden ein Gruppengeschwindigkeitsmaximum gefunden. Der direkte StrahlP′ und die einmal an der Erdoberfläche reflektiertePP-Welle transportieren mehr Energie als die WellenphasenP′ 2 undPcPP′, die erstens in den äusseren Erdkern unter einem sehr grossen Inzidenzwinkel eindringen und zweitens eine längere Zeit benötigen, um den äusseren Teil des flüssigkeitsähnlichen Kerns zu durchlaufen.
    Notes: Summary Speeded-up magnetic tape recordings of earthquake signals can be analyzed by means of an electronic sound spectrograph. The time-dependent spectrum of body waves obtained through transient analysis provides some insight into the physical properties of the earth's interior. In the short-period arrivals traveling through the outer core and inner core dispersion has been observed. A group velocity maximum has been found forP′ at periods between 1 and 2 seconds. The direct rayP′and the surface reflected phasePP convey more energy than the arrivalsP′ 2 andPcPP′ which, firstly, enter the outer core at incidence far from vertical, and secondly spend more time in the outer part of the fluid core.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-041X
    Keywords: Cell-ECM interactions ; Hydrozoa Vertebrates ; Xenografts
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract Extracellular matrices (ECMs) of phylogenetically very distant organisms were tested for their ability to support cell adhesion, spreading and DNA replication in reciprocal xenograft adhesion tests. Mechanically dissociated cells of the medusa Podocoryne carnea (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) were seeded on ECMs of polyps and medusa, and on several ECM glycoproteins or entire ECMs from vertebrates. In reciprocal experiments, cells from different vertebrate cell-lines were seeded on ECMs of polyps, medusae and also on electrophoresed and blotted extracts of both types of ECMs. The results demonstrate that medusa cells adhere and spread on polyp and medusa ECMs but do not recognize vertebrate ECMs or purified ECM glycoproteins. Vertebrate cells in contrast adhere, spread and proliferate on ECMs of polyps and medusae. The number of attached cells depends on the cell type, the type of ECM and, in certain cases, on the stage of the cell cycle. Cell adhesion experiments with pretreated ECMs of polyps and medusae, e.g. oxidation of carbohydrate residues with sodium-metaperiodate, or blocking of certain carbohydrate moieties with the lectin wheat germ agglutinin or a carbohydrate-specific monoclonal antibody, demonstrate that ECM carbohydrates are more important for cell-ECM interactions of medusa cells than for vertebrate cells. Furthermore, the experiments indicate that polyp and medusa ECMs contain different components which strongly modulate adhesion, spreading and DNA replication of vertebrate cells.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract The analysis of growing or resting bacterial populations by flow cytometry offers several advantages over traditional methods for determining mean-value parameters. This method has been applied here to measure both the distribution of single-cell fluorescence intensity and the light-scatter behaviour of the methylotrophical strains of Methylobacterium rhodesianum MB126 and Methylocystis GB25 as well as Pseudomonas fluorescens and a strain isolated from the soil. The four different bacterial populations were analysed concerning the DNA and the poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) content. A new cell-preservation method is presented. Optimized staining methods for each strain were developed in detail, in two cases DNA had to be dehybridized before staining with a mixture of mithramycin/ethidium bromide. Nile red is used for detecting PHB. Both stains were excited by an argonion laser at 488 nm; fluorescence emission for mithramycin/ethidium bromide was measured from 520 nm and for Nile red from 600 nm onwards. It is shown that changes in the DNA content and in the forward-light-scattering behaviour of the bacterial strains chosen were measurable. These changes could be related to different cultivation conditions and correlated, in the case of strains that accumulate PHB, with alterations of that biopolymer content. In addition it was found that these methods provide a contribution to the differentiation of mixed bacterial populations.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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