Supplement to: Matsumoto, Katsumi; Lynch-Stieglitz, Jean (1999): Similar glacial and Holocene deep water circulation inferred from southeast Pacific benthic foraminiferal carbon isotope composition. Paleoceanography, 14(2), 149-163, https://doi.org/10.1029/1998PA900028
We present Holocene and last glacial maximum (LGM) oxygen and carbon isotope measurements on Planulina wuellerstorfi in six southeast Pacific cores. Sedimentation rates are low in this part of the ocean, and measurements were made on individual foraminiferal shells in order to identify the Holocene and glacial individuals on the basis of their extreme d18O. The new d13C data were combined with previous P. wuellerstorfi data for interpretation of global thermohaline circulation. Data from the Southern Ocean were examined closely for regional coherency and a few anomalous d13C values suspected of having productivity overprint were removed. The resulting global d13C distributions and gradients indicate that the deep water circulation was similar during the Holocene and LGM. This interpretation brings d13C data to a better agreement with Cd/Ca data and marks a sharp contrast with a widely held view based on d13C measurements that the glacial Southern Ocean was the terminus of the thermohaline circulation. The proposed presence of glacial North Atlantic Deep Water does not necessarily contradict the postulated presence of Glacial North Atlantic Intermediate Water.
application/zip, 2 datasets