high parenteral dose
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Summary Methotrexate (MTX) in serum was measured by RIA in 12 cancer patients receiving high doses of MTX (2 to 8 g/m2) in 6 hour infusions 69 treatments were studied. The peak serum level was proportional to the dose administered and was always greater than 10−4 M. 2 elimination phases were seen: the first had a mean half-life of 2.36 h and the second a mean half-life of 16.14 h. 24 hours after beginning the infusions there were very large variations in individual serum concentrations of MTX, from 2.4 10−6 M to 1.9 10−5 M by 24 h after 8 g/m2. To control these variations, a mathematical model for prediction of the individual pharmacokinetic pattern of a 6 hour-infusion of high-dose MTX by kinetic analysis of a low-test dose is proposed. A program was created for an Apple III computer using toxic and therapeutic serum levels of MTX selected by the clinician. The computer program is adaptable to any infused substance for variable infusion times, thus introducing new advances over existing methods.
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