Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract A comparison of branchial enzyme profiles indicates that the gills of Periophthalmodon schlosseri would have a greater capacity for energy metabolism through glycolysis than those of Boleophthalmus boddaerti. Indeed, after exposure to hypoxia, or anoxia, there were significant increases in the lactate content in the gills of P. schlosseri. In addition, exposure to hypoxia or anoxia significantly lowered the glycogen level in the gills of this mudskipper. It can be deduced from these results that the glycolytic flux was increased to compensate for the decrease in ATP production through anaerobic glycolysis. Different from P. schlosseri, although there was an increase in lactate production in the gills of B. boddaerti exposed to hypoxia, there was no significant change in the branchial glycogen content, indicating that a reversed Pasteur effect might have occurred under such conditions. In contrast, anoxia induced an accumulation of lactate and a decrease in glycogen in the gills of B. boddaerti. Although lactate production in the gills of these mudskippers during hypoxia was inhibited by iodoacetate, the decreases in branchial glycogen contents could not account for the amounts of lactate formed. The branchial fructose-2,6-bisphosphate contents of these mudskippers exposed to hypoxia or anoxia decreased significantly, leaving phosphofructokinase and glycolytic rate responsive to cellular energy requirements under such conditions. The differences in response in the gills of B. boddaerti and P. schlosseri to hypoxia were possibly related to the distribution of phosphofructokinase between the free and bound states.
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