Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Partial molar excess free enthalpies (or excess chemical potentials) at infinite dilution were obtained over a large temperature range by gas chromatography. Data on n-alkenes in Apiezon M are interpreted by the Prigogine-Patterson theory; data on normal and branched alkanes in squalane and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) are discussed in terms of the Prigogine-Patterson theory and the solution theory of Flory, Orwoll, and Vrij. For the alkane-PDMS systems heats of dilution and partial excess heat capacity data are given.The aim of this work is to get some insight in the applicability of these solution theories to mixtures of fluids, the properties of which may slightly violate the basic assumptions of these theories. It is shown that orientational order in and a large cross-sectional chain diameter of the polymer solvent do not affect their applicability to the partical molar excess free enthalpies of apolar mixtures, whereas large dissimilarities between the force fields around the segments of the mixture components and/or dissimilar chain flexibilities detract from the applicability of these theories (alkanes in PDMS).Special attention has been paid to the effects of dissimilar size and shape of the segments of the mixture compounds on the magnitude of the interchange interaction parameter. It is shown that the multiple-connected segment model after Lichtenthaler et al. does not warrant a reliable combinatorial contribution. Comparison of the interaction parameters obtained for n-alkanes in n-alkanes, Apiezon, squalane, and polyisobutylene and for branched alkanes in squalane reveals that the magnitude of this parameter is affected by small end-effects due to the relative weakness of methyl-methylene interactions.
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