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  • 1
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    Göttingen: Ibero-Amerika-Inst. für Wirtschaftsforschung
    Publication Date: 2017-07-27
    Description: El presente trabajo explora las causas de la deforestación y la pérdida de biodiversidad en Guatemala. El documento se divide en cuatro partes. En la primera, se presenta una generalización sobre la deforestación en Guatemala entre 1950-2000. Así mismo se explora la relación entre deforestación y pérdida de biodiversidad. En la segunda parte, se examinan algunas de las causas de la deforestación. Aunque es necesario analizar con cuidado algunas de las hipótesis convencionales, hay razones sólidas para creer que mayores salarios rurales generados por mejores opciones de empleo no agrícola reducen la deforestación. En la tercera sección, se realiza un análisis empírico, el cual indica que las actividades agrícolas en las áreas rurales están fuertemente relacionadas a la deforestación debido a la ausencia de activos no ambientales de los pobres, como por ejemplo la educación. Finalmente, se plantean algunas dudas sobre el establecimiento excesivo de áreas protegidas dentro del país. En particular, el trabajo concluye que el fortalecimiento del sector rural no agrícola y la formación de capital humano deberían tomarse como elementos claves para una estrategia de desarrollo que intente combinar conservación de la biodiversidad con crecimiento económico sostenible y reducción de la pobreza.
    Description: Poverty, Deforestation and Biodiversity Loss in Guatemala This paper explores the causes of deforestation and biodiversity loss in Guatemala and is organized into 4 parts. First, an overview about deforestation in Guatemala from 1950-2000 is provided, and the relationship between deforestation and biodiversity loss is explored. Secondly, some underlying causes of deforestation are examined. While caution is needed about many conventional hypotheses, there are strong reasons to believe that higher rural wages generated by greater off-farm employment opportunities reduce deforestation. Thirdly, an empirical analysis indicates that agricultural activities in rural areas remain closely tied to deforestation because of the virtual absence of non-environmental assets of the poor. And finally, some doubts are placed on the excessive establishment of Integrated Conservation and Development Projects (ICDPs) within the countryside. In particular, the paper concludes that for the case of Guatemala strengthening the rural non-farm sector and human capital formation should be regarded as a key elements of a development strategy that tries to combine biodiversity conservation within a framework of sustainable economic growth and poverty alleviation.
    Keywords: C20 ; O15 ; O54 ; Q23 ; ddc:330 ; Biodiversity ; Deforestation ; Econometrics ; Education ; Integrated Conservation and Development Projects ; Poverty ; Rural Non-farm Employment ; Guatemala ; Entwaldung ; Artenvielfalt ; Armut ; Umweltschutz ; Bildungspolitik ; Guatemala
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    Göttingen: Ibero-Amerika-Inst. für Wirtschaftsforschung
    Publication Date: 2017-07-27
    Description: The defense-growth nexus is investigated empirically using longitudinal data for Guatemala and allowing the effect of defense spending on growth to be nonlinear. Using recently developed econometric methods involving threshold regressions, evidence of a level-dependent effect of military expenditure on GDP growth is found: a positive and significant externality effect of defense spending prevails for relatively low levels of defense spending and becomes negative, albeit insignificant, for higher levels.
    Keywords: E13 ; C22 ; H56 ; ddc:330 ; Guatemala ; defense expenditures ; nonlinearity ; economic growth ; externality effect ; Militärausgaben ; Wirtschaftswachstum ; Externer Effekt ; Bürgerkrieg ; Schätzung ; Guatemala
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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