Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract A previous study on impact response of composite laminates concluded that impact perforation was the most important damage stage in composite laminates subjected to impact loading, since impact characteristics (peak force, contact duration and absorbed energy) and mechanical properties degradation of composite laminates reached critical points once perforation took place. It was also found that thickness had a greater influence on impact perforation resistance than did in-plane dimensions. However, as the composite laminates became very thick, the manufacturing cost for obtaining high-quality composite laminates increased. In an effort to meet design requirements and reduce manufacturing costs, assembled composite plates, which were organized by assembling multiple thin composite laminates, were considered as alternatives for thick single-laminate composite plates. Various joining techniques including mechanical riveting, adhesive bonding and stitch joining, and their combinations, were used in assembling two- and three-laminate plates. Experimental results revealed that adhesive bonding outperformed other joining techniques. Although good bonding resulted in higher joining (bending) stiffness and subsequently higher perforation thresholds, increasing the laminate thickness or the number of laminates was found to be more efficient in raising perforation threshold than in improving the joining stiffness. The assembled three-laminate plates were found to have higher perforation thresholds than their thick single-laminate counterpart.
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