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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Woodbury, NY : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Applied Physics Letters 63 (1993), S. 2294-2296 
    ISSN: 1077-3118
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Detailed mechanisms of sputter etch of silicon dioxide in argon plasma are studied using a novel test structure. We have found that a significant amount of the sputtered material (up to 50% of the sputter flux) returns, as an isotropic backscattered flux to the wafer. This backscattered flux results in significant deposition that cannot be accounted for by redeposition, i.e., line-of-sight deposition of the sputtered material, alone. A profile simulator is used to demonstrate a new physical model for the Ar sputter-etch process, based on the interaction of three simultaneous processes: (1) sputtering, (2) direct (i.e., line-of-sight) redeposition of sputtered material, and (3) isotropic deposition of sputtered material backscattered from the gas phase. Simulated profiles show good agreement with experimental results on the test structure and a common device structure.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1600-5775
    Source: Crystallography Journals Online : IUCR Backfile Archive 1948-2001
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Notes: To facilitate high-sensitivity soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism experiments, a dynamic local bump system has been developed at the SRRC storage ring. This system was devised to vary dynamically the vertical slope of the electron beam in a bending magnet, producing, in the electron orbit plane, soft X-rays with an alternating elliptical polarization. The local bump was created by using two pairs of vertical correctors located on each side of the bending magnet. The bump strength coefficient was obtained both from calculated estimation and from measured beam-response matrices. Control electronics for proper bump strength settings were designed to incorporate the existing orbit-corrector function. A corresponding graphic user interface was implemented so that the bump amplitude could be easily adjusted. The performance of this system is presented. Disturbance on the stored electron beam orbit was observed while flipping the corrector polarity during EPBM (elliptical polarization from bending magnets) operation. A local feedback loop, developed to eliminate such disturbance on other beamlines, is also described.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2016-03-09
    Description: To estimate crop proportions early in the season, an approach is proposed based on: use of a regression-based prediction equation to obtain an a priori estimate for specific major crop groups; modification of this estimate using current-year LANDSAT and weather data; and a breakdown of the major crop groups into specific crops by regression models. Results from the development and evaluation of appropriate regression models for the first portion of the proposed approach are presented. The results show that the model predicts 1980 crop proportions very well at both county and crop reporting district levels. In terms of planted acreage, the model underpredicted 9.1 percent of the 1980 published data on planted acreage at the county level. It predicted almost exactly the 1980 published data on planted acreage at the crop reporting district level and overpredicted the planted acreage by just 0.92 percent.
    Keywords: EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
    Type: NAS 1.26:167567 , JSC-17429 , E82-10274 , NASA-CR-167567 , SR-L1-0415 , LEMSCO-17156
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2014-07-05
    Description: Nitric oxide (·NO) production catalyzed by endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) plays an important role in the cardiovascular system. A variety of agonists activate eNOS through the Ser1177 phosphorylation concomitant with Thr495 dephosphorylation, resulting in increased ·NO production with a basal level of calcium. To date, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. We have previously demonstrated that perturbation of the autoinhibitory element (AIE) in the FMN-binding subdomain can also lead to eNOS activation with a basal level of calcium, implying that the AIE might regulate eNOS activation through modulating phosphorylation at Thr495 and Ser1177. Here we generated stable clones in human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK 293) cells with a series of deletion mutants in both the AIE (Δ594–604, Δ605–612, and Δ626–634) and the C-terminal tail (Δ14; deletion of 1164–1177). The expression of Δ594-604 and Δ605-612 mutants in nonstimulated HEK293 cells substantially increased nitrate/nitrite release into the culture medium; the other two mutants, Δ626-634 and Δ1164-1177, displayed no significant difference when compared to WTeNOS. Intriguingly, mutant Δ594-604 showed close correlation between Ser1177 phosphorylation and Thr495 dephosphorylation, and NO production. Our results have indicated that N-terminal portion of AIE (residues 594-604) regulates eNOS activity through coordinated phosphorylation on Ser1177 and Thr495.
    Print ISSN: 0144-8463
    Electronic ISSN: 1573-4935
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Published by Portland Press
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2017-04-27
    Description: Myanmar is in a tectonically complex region between the eastern edge of the Himalayan collision zone and the northern end of the Sunda megathrust. Until recently, earthquake monitoring and research efforts have been hampered by a lack of modern instrumentation and communication infrastructure. In January 2016, a major upgrade of the Myanmar National Seismic Network (MNSN; network code MM) was undertaken to improve earthquake monitoring capability. We installed five permanent broadband and strong-motion seismic stations and real-time data telemetry using newly improved cellular networks. Data are telemetered to the MNSN hub in Nay Pyi Taw and archived at the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology Data Management Center. We analyzed station noise characteristics and site response using noise and events recorded over the first six months of station operation. Background noise characteristics vary across the array, but indicate that the new stations are performing well. MM stations recorded more than 20 earthquakes of M ≥4.5 within Myanmar and its immediate surroundings, including an M  6.8 earthquake located northwest of Mandalay on 13 April 2016 and the M w  6.8 Chauk event on 24 August 2016. We use this new dataset to calculate horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratios, which provide a preliminary characterization of site response of the upgraded MM stations.
    Print ISSN: 0895-0695
    Electronic ISSN: 1938-2057
    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2015-05-06
    Description: Author(s): C. N. Kuo, C. W. Tseng, C. M. Wang, C. Y. Wang, Y. R. Chen, L. M. Wang, C. F. Lin, K. K. Wu, Y. K. Kuo, and C. S. Lue Superconducting Sr 3 Rh 4 Sn 13 has been of current interest due to indications of a characteristic phase transition associated with structural distortions in its normal state. To further shed light on the nature of the phase transition, we performed a detailed study of single crystalline Sr 3 Rh 4 Sn 13 by m... [Phys. Rev. B 91, 165141] Published Thu Apr 30, 2015
    Keywords: Electronic structure and strongly correlated systems
    Print ISSN: 1098-0121
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-3795
    Topics: Physics
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