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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2016-09-24
    Description: Using an econometric model is analyzed the impact on income (as an indicator of competitiveness) of the degree of use of information and communication technologies by exporting Pymes operating in the State of Yucatán. Nine of the developed models explained properly and enough that the use of ICT with a proper training of systems users, a correct use value and an proper level of computer security influence significantly in the increase of the percentage of income that perceive exporting Pymes in the State of Yucatán; However, is showed up that who makes decisions in Pymes is unknown to the computerization process allows the organizational objectives and maximize the value of it to let work with greater efficiency, better ability to response, alignment to strategy and reduction in costs.
    Keywords: C12 ; C32 ; F17 ; M15 ; ddc:330 ; ICT ; competitiveness ; small and medium-sized enterprises ; export ; hypothesis testing and P values
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:article
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2016-09-24
    Description: It assesses the efficiency of the drinking water system for the station of Pisté, Yucatán; analyzing solution alternatives and determining the desirability of making the respective expansion and improvement projects. The work was based on the elaboration of a logical framework matrix of the alternative which resulted from the combination of the projects that address the problems identified which was analyzed in accordance with the theoretical framework of the socio-economic evaluation of drinking water projects proposed by the Studies Center for the preparation and socio-economic evaluation of projects (1977). Calculations of the evaluation were carried out by applying the principles proposed by Iturri (2009) and Gala (2004) with net flows to compare costs and legitimately attributable to the alternatives proposed benefits. It was found that, the evaluation shows that the poorest people of Piste (83 families where isn't the drinking water network) is that pays higher costs to obtain water for consumption ($ 15.07 per cubic meter of water); with the project these inhabitants would pay $2.45 per cubic meter. For its population the more cost-effective alternative from the social point of view, is to carry out jointly the expansion of the distribution network and the construction of the elevated tank, as the profitability of the project indicators reveal a net present value of $67,975 with an Internal rate of Social return of 13.01%, ensuring a service of continuous supply (of 100 lt/hab./day from 2009 until the year 2028). And that the project will have to incorporate the component of the pricing of the service, given that this benefits increase at a 33.88%, due to not waste water, nor propelled the clandestine connections.
    Keywords: C6 ; E2 ; I3 ; Q3 ; ddc:330 ; Yucatán ; system of drinking water ; socio-economic evaluation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: We analyze the international market, fresh or chilled fish and its impact on exports and Mexico's competitiveness in this market from 1995 to 2005. It was found that the production and global consumption of fish present in generally good perspective, the two grew significantly from 1995 to 2005, not the world sugar trade where the trade balance deficit made a condition resulting from increased availability or domestic supply and import of this product in the world market that the annual production target of this or domestic demand and exports. We conclude that despite the unfavorable trend observed in world sugar trade in the period, one can say that this has not been reflected significantly in Mexico, since the competitiveness of fisheries subsector is characterized by significant competitive advantages in the international market (high levels of tradability and relative trade balance) that confer a macroeconomic competitiveness media.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Mercado ; Competitividad ; Pescado fresco o refrigerado ; Mundo ; México
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: The purpose of this article was to study the relationship between the level of education, income and job opportunities for families in rural areas in the center of Yucatán, Mexico. For this reason, a conglomerate sample was carried out and its results were analyzed using different economic theories. We proved the connection between the level of education and the type of jobs held by family members in the subject area. Results showed that there are problems in both the content and the goals of the educational system, as well as education is not broadly encouraged. The level of education that individuals have is closely related to the income they earn. However, there are problems concerning qualitative and quantitative aspects in this relationship (net income and purchasing power). For this reason, the relationships analyzed are not definite, since education is not the only causal element and does not entirely determine the job market and salaries inside and outside these communities.
    Keywords: ddc:330 ; Bildungsniveau ; Haushaltseinkommen ; Arbeitsplatz ; Landbevölkerung ; Yucatán
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018-07-03
    Description: We analyze the role played by the e-business in retail travel agencies in Merida, Yucatan, and its components and impact, focusing on competitive sale of tourist products made by these agencies. Virtual agencies in Mexico still need a real link with their customers and this is only achieved through traditional travel agents. That in the case of retail travel agencies in Merida, e-Business is fulfilling the function of serving as a means of connectivity between users and servers of tourist products, but not with the functions of: connecting the value chain among these businesses, their suppliers, partners and customers, to reduce their costs, nor to penetrate market segments or niches profitable for them. That these agencies in a number of cases, do not have the necessary resources in e-business or have failed to apply them to gain a competitive advantage over their competitors. And, since the chances of these companies are limited by the current strength of resources and capabilities (median availability of a website, little or no staff training, lack of skills and knowledge of staff, among others), it is not possible to implement them a competitive strategy.
    Keywords: M21 ; ddc:330 ; Tecnologías de Información ; E-business ; Turismo ; Agencias de Viajes minoristas ; Mérida
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-02-14
    Description: Discusses evaluations to assess its relevance and usefulness to the Fomento Ganadero program in Yucatán from 2001 to 2013. Used a longitudinal non-experimental design in the form of trend where recollection (literature review and key informant interviews) and analysis of information (principles on meta-evaluation of Diaz and Pacheco) was sustained in a mixed approach, qualitative and quantitative. Found that the assessments made to Fomento Ganadero in Yucatan in the period of interest, were generally of low quality and very shallow in terms of internal consistency of its coherence, rules of operation, quality, effectiveness and efficiency, impact, focus and sati sfaction of their beneficiaries, i.e. that its coherence not expressed itself in operating rules that define with precision indices of efficiency and effectiveness that sought to achieve the program, in a focus around the priority activities and target population that would benefit in the State and, in the precision of the parameters of impact and sa tisfaction which sought to achieve.
    Keywords: H53 ; I38 ; M19 ; O21 ; Q18 ; ddc:330 ; Public administration ; Agricultural policy ; Evaluation policy ; Livestock development ; Metaevaluation
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: Spanish
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