Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Endocytosis of pigeon beta migrating very-low-density lipoprotein (βVLDL) by monocyte-derived macrophages (monocyte/macrophages), cultured from Random Bred White Carneu (RBWC) pigeons, occurs by both coated and non-coated regions of the plasma membrane (Henson et al.: Exp. Mol. Pathol. 51:243-263, 1989). Secondary to binding, the βVLDL is translocated to lysosomes for degradation. Ultimately these events lead to foam cell formation in vitro. Utilizing video-enhanced contrast light microscopy in conjunction with whole mount intermediate-voltage transmission electron microscopy (IVEM) and high-resolution scanning EM, the dynamics of βVLDL binding have been correlated with ultrastructure. Beta VLDL conjugated to gold colloids was visualized at the surface of living cells by using Allen video-enhanced contrast-differential interference contrast microscopy (AVEC-DIC). Subsequent to AVEC-DIC, direct observation of the identical cells by IVEM and SEM was facilitated through the use of gold finder grids, and these EM observations confirmed identification of the videoobserved βVLDL particles.Upon addition of βVLDL, pigeon monocyte/macrophages underwent gross morphological changes. These changes were recorded by video as movements at the cytoplasmic periphery, and the movements involved extension of microvilli, expression of retraction fibers, and elaboration of membrane ruffles. When secondarily observed by stereo (3-D) IVEM and SEM, the identification of microvilli, retraction fibers, and membrane ruffles was confirmed and the lipoprotein-gold conjugates were associated with these ligand-induced membrane structures. Beta VLDL-gold conjugates were also associated with pit-like regions at the base of microvilli, while at the base of ruffles, βVLDL-gold conjugates were located in membrane invaginations and cytoplasmic vesicles.
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