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  • 1
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary In E. coli mutants thermosensitive in DNA synthesis the capacity for replication of bacteriophages λ, P1 and T4 was studied in order to obtain more information about the biochemical lesions in such strains. Two mutant types were used. In one of them DNA synthesis stops immediately at the restrictive temperature (mutant 165/70). In the other type DNA synthesis continues at the elevated temperature for a residual time period before it comes to a halt (mutant 252). The thermolabile synthetic steps involved in both mutant types are presently still unknown. The temperate phages λ and P1 differ in their ability to replicate in the mutant types at temperatures non-permissive for host cell DNA synthesis. Replication of phage λ is blocked in 165/70 but can still take place in 252 after host DNA synthesis has come to a halt. Phage P1 shows the opposite behaviour. It grows in the mutant 165/70 but its ability to replicate in 252 at 42° C is restricted to the period of residual host cell DNA synthesis observed in uninfected cells. Replication of phage T4 on the other hand is unimpeded in both mutants at restrictive temperatures.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary The role of E. coli dnaB and dnaC protein in the replication of plasmid ColE1 and RSF1030 DNA was investigated in a soluble in vitro system (Staudenbauer, 1976a). Extracts from dnaB and dnaC mutants which are phenotypically DNA initiationor DNA elongation-defective were examined for their replicative capacity. It was found that all mutants tested are deficient in the synthesis of supercoiled plasmid DNA. Deficient extracts of dnaB mutants could be partially complemented by purified dnaB wild type protein but required for full complementation dnaC wild type protein as well. The dnaB wild type protein could be replaced by a P1dnaB analog (ban) protein complexed with a dnaB ts protein. Deficient extracts of dnaC mutants were complemented by purified dnaC wild type protein alone. The in vitro plasmid replication cycle had been separated into an early and late stage (Staudenbauer, 1977). Analysis by CsCl velocity centrifugation of the plasmid DNA synthesized in mutant extracts indicates that the early stage, namely the synthesis of early replicative intermediates, proceeds in all dnaB and dnaC mutants tested. However, replication of the early intermediates during the late stage depends on both the dnaB and dnaC protein. These conclusions were confirmed using inhibitors of DNA synthesis.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary An Escherichia coli K12 dnaB dnaC mutant was constructed by P1 transduction of the dnaC allele into a dnaB recipient strain dnaB dnaC transductants were discriminated from dnaB mutants by their inability to grow at 40° C after lysogenization with phage P1bac. The dnaB dnaC mutant character was verified by 1. P1 transduction, and 2. by in vitro complementation with dnaB and dnaC wild type protein fractions. DNA synthesis was studied in strains containing dnaB, dnaC, or dnaB dnaC alleles in an otherwise uniform genetic background with the dnaB character either unsuppressed or suppressed by P1bac prophage. Degradation at 42° C of [3H]-thymidine pulselabeled DNA in dnaB and dnaB dnaC mutants is suppressed by P1bac. However, unlike the dnaC mutant, the P1bac lysogen of the dnaB dnaC mutant exhibits an abrupt cessation of DNA synthesis and less residual cell divisions at 42° C indicating an inhibition of DNA chain elongation rather than a defect in DNA initiation. It is suggested that denaturation of the dnaB protein affects the dnaC function.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Phage P1 encodes a dnaB analog (ban) protein. Synthesis of ban protein has been studied in minicells infected by P1 mutants and has been identified as a polypeptide of 56,000 molecular weight by immunoprecipitation using antibody directed against E. coli dnaB protein. The amount of ban protein synthesized by P1 mutants increases in the order: P1 wild type, P1bac, P1crr, and P1bac crr. The relative amount of ban protein identified in P1bac- and P1bac crr-infected minicells is approximately the same as that previously found in dnaBsdban heteromultimers isolated from the corresponding P1 lysogens.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary The replication of the ColE1 plasmid was studied in extracts from E. coli dnaG mutants. It was found that the synthesis of the complementary strands of ColE1 DNA can be carried out in these extracts in two consecutive steps: (1) synthesis of the leading L strand independent of the dnaG function, and (2) synthesis of the lagging H strand depending upon addition of wild-type dnaG protein. In contrast to L strand synthesis, the latter reaction is insensitive to rifampicin and novobiocin. Both synthetic pathways are however blocked by antiserum directed against dnaB protein. This indicates an additional role of the dnaB protein in duplex DNA replication besides assisting the dnaG protein in the priming of lagging strand synthesis. The T7 gene-4 protein acting in conjunction with T7 DNA polymerase can substitute for both the function of the dnaB and dnaG protein. It is concluded that plasmid replication proceeds by a semi-discontinuous mechanism.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary The pri gene locus of the conjugative broad host range plasmid RP4 maps between coordinates 40.3 and 43.5 and encodes two antigenically related forms of a DNA primase with a molecular mass of 118 and 80 kDa (kilodalton). Genesis of these two products has been examined using Pri+-recombinant plasmids. As shown by deletion analysis, the primase polypeptides are two separate translation products which arise from an in-phase overlapping gene arrangement. It is suggested that transcription of a set of RP4 genes including the pri gene starts at a promoter site within the Tra1 region. In vivo, RP4 mutant primase can apparently substitute for Escherichia coli primase as demonstrated by measuring suppression of the dnaG3(ts) mutant.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1545-9985
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: [Auszug] The KorB protein of the broad-host-range plasmid RP4 acts as a multifunctional regulator of plasmid housekeeping genes, including those responsible for replication, maintenance and conjugation. Additionally, KorB functions as the ParB analog of the plasmid's partitioning system. The protein ...
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    FEMS microbiology reviews 17 (1995), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1574-6976
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract: Replication of satellite phage P4 of Escherichia coli is dependent on three phage-encoded elements: the origin (ori), a cis replication element (crr), and the product of the α gene, gpα. In vitro P4 replication is origin-specific resulting in monomeric form I DNA. DNA synthesis requires chromosomally encoded proteins DNA polymerase III holoenzyme, SSB, DNA gyrase and probably topoisomerase I; host-encoded initiation and priming functions are dispensable. The α protein is multifunctional in P4 replication, combining three activities in a single polypeptide chain. First, the protein complexes specifically with type I repeats at ori and crr. Second, the helicase activity associated with gpα unwinds DNA with 3′→ 5′ polarity. Third, the primase activity results in the synthesis of RNA primers. Defined sequence motifs in gpα correlate with the helicase and primase activities which are arranged in distinct, separable domains. Primase activity is associated with the N-terminal half of the protein, ori / crr binding with the C-terminal portion. A model for the initiation mechanism of P4 replication which resembles that of mammalian simian virus 40 is discussed.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The kilB locus (which is unclonable in the absence of korB) of broad-host-range plasmid RK2 (60kb) lies between the trfA operon (co-ordinates 16.4 to 18.2kb), which encodes a protein essential for vegetative replication, and the Tra2 block of conjugative transfer genes (co-ordinates 20.0 to 27.0 kb). Promoter probe studies indicated that kilB is transcribed clockwise from a region containing closely spaced divergent promoters, one of which is the trfA promoter. The repression of both promoters by korB suggested that kilB may also play a role in stable maintenance of RK2. We have sequenced the region containing kilB and analysed it by deletion and insertion mutagenesis. Loss of the KilB+ phenotype does not result in decreased stability of mini RK2 plasmids. However insertion in ORFI (kilBl) of the region analysed results in a Tra- phenotype in plasmids which are otherwise competent for transfer, demonstrating that this locus is essential for transfer and is probably the first gene of the Tra2 region. From the kilBi DNA sequence KilBl is predicted to be 34995Da, In line with Mr= 36000 observed by sodium dodecyl sulphate/potyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and contains a type I ATP-binding motif. The purified product was used to raise antibody which allowed the level of KilBI produced from RK2 to be estimated at approximately 2000 molecules per bacterium. Protein sequence comparisons showed the highest homology score with VirB11, which is essential for the transfer of the Agrobacterium tume- faciens Ti plasmid DNA from bacteria to plant cells. The sequence similarity of both KilBI and VirB11 to a family of protein export functions suggested that KilBI
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 290 (1981), S. 217-221 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] A DNA primase encoded by an IncIα plasmid promotes efficient DNA replication in a primase-defective mutant of Escherichia coli. This finding implies that the plasmid enzyme can prime discontinuous DNA synthesis of the bacterial chromosome. The plasmid gene encodes two large, antigenically ...
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