indicators of pollution
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract In Lake Geneva (Switzerland), 14 tubificid and 2 lumbriculid worm species were collected in a total of 170 samples of sediment. The sediment was analysed through ten chemical variables: organic carbon, total phosphorus, Cd, Zn, Sn, Pb, Hg, Cu, Cr, Mn. The chemical environment characterizing the presence of every worm species was defined by the mean value of each of these ten variables in all samples where the species was found. The multivariate comparison of the chemical environment typical of every species enabled six groups of species to be distinguished, each characterized by the high value of one chemical variable: (1) Peloscolex ferox, Potamothrix hammoniensis, Limnodrilus claparedeanus, and Cd. (2) Psammoryctides barbatus, and Zn. (3) Limnodrilus hofmeisteri, L. udekemianus, L. profundicola, and total P. (4) Potamothrix heuscheri, Aulodriluspluriseta, A. limnobius, Tubifex tubifex, Ilyodrilus templetoni, Stylodrilus heringianus, and organic C. (5) Potamothrixvejdovskyi, and, Hg. (6) Peloscolex velutinus, Stylodrilus lemani, and Mn. Pollution level of the sediment decreased from group 1 to 6, so each of these groups may be used to define a different level of pollution. The pooled coefficient of variation of the ten chemical variables used to define the chemical environment of each species diminished from group 1 to 6: the most opportunistic species colonized the most polluted areas.
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