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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2010-11-06
    Description: The stromal microenvironment of tumors, which is a mixture of hematopoietic and mesenchymal cells, suppresses immune control of tumor growth. A stromal cell type that was first identified in human cancers expresses fibroblast activation protein-alpha (FAP). We created a transgenic mouse in which FAP-expressing cells can be ablated. Depletion of FAP-expressing cells, which made up only 2% of all tumor cells in established Lewis lung carcinomas, caused rapid hypoxic necrosis of both cancer and stromal cells in immunogenic tumors by a process involving interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Depleting FAP-expressing cells in a subcutaneous model of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma also permitted immunological control of growth. Therefore, FAP-expressing cells are a nonredundant, immune-suppressive component of the tumor microenvironment.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Kraman, Matthew -- Bambrough, Paul J -- Arnold, James N -- Roberts, Edward W -- Magiera, Lukasz -- Jones, James O -- Gopinathan, Aarthi -- Tuveson, David A -- Fearon, Douglas T -- Cancer Research UK/United Kingdom -- Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2010 Nov 5;330(6005):827-30. doi: 10.1126/science.1195300.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Wellcome Trust Immunology Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Cambridge, Medical Research Council Centre, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QH, UK.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21051638" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Antigens, Neoplasm/immunology ; Cancer Vaccines/administration & dosage/immunology ; Carcinoma, Lewis Lung/*immunology/pathology/therapy ; Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal/*immunology/pathology ; Cell Hypoxia ; Cell Line, Tumor ; Cell Survival ; Gelatinases/*metabolism ; *Immune Tolerance ; Interferon-gamma/immunology/metabolism ; Membrane Proteins/*metabolism ; Mice ; Mice, Transgenic ; Necrosis ; Neoplasm Transplantation ; Serine Endopeptidases/*metabolism ; Stromal Cells/*immunology/metabolism ; Tumor Microenvironment/*immunology ; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/immunology/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2012-08-15
    Description: During the primary response, the commitment of the CD8+ T cell to Blimp-1 expression and the terminal differentiation that Blimp-1 induces must be timed so as not to impair the process of clonal expansion. We determined whether the Hippo pathway, which links cell–cell contact to differentiation in other cell lineages,...
    Print ISSN: 0027-8424
    Electronic ISSN: 1091-6490
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General
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