Plant virus resistance
Phaseolus vulgaris L.
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Resistance to watermelon mosaic virus-2 in Phaseolus vulgaris L. is conferred by two distinct dominant alleles at independent loci. Based on segregation data one locus is designated Wmv, the other, Hsw. The dominant allele Wmv from cv. Great Northern 1140 prevents systemic spread of the virus but viral replication occurs in inoculated tissue. In contrast, Hsw confers both local and systemic resistance to WMV-2 below 30C. At higher temperatures, plants that carry this allele in the absence of modifying or epistatic factors develop systemic veinal necrosis upon inoculation with the virus that results in rapid death. Patho-type specificity has not been demonstrated for either allele; both factors confer resistance to every isolate tested. A temperature-sensitive shift in epistasis is apparent between dominant alleles at these loci. Because Hsw is very tightly linked if not identical to the following genes for hypersensitivity to potyviruses I, (bean common mosaic virus), Bcm, (blackeye cowpea mosaic virus), Cam, (cowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus) and Hss (soybean mosaic virus), parental, reciprocal dihybrid F1 populations, and selected F3 families were inoculated with each of these viruses and held at 35 C. F1 populations developed vascular necrosis completely or primarily limited to inoculated tissue, while F3 families from WMV-2-susceptible segregates were uniformly susceptible to these viruses. The relationship between Hsw, Wmv and other genes for potyvirus resistance suggest patterns in the evolution of resistance and viral pathogenicity. Characterization of the resistance spectrum associated with each factor provides an additional criterion to distinguish genes for plant virus resistance.
Type of Medium: