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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract Growth hormone (GH) enhances the growth rate of aquacultured fish and shellfish, but it is difficult to extract native GH from fish pituitary glands. However, fish recombinant GH (rGH) can be efficiently synthesized by Escherichia coli cells, although it exists in denatured form in inclusion bodies (IB). We studied the solubilization of IB and the renaturation of rGH to help facilitate the production of a large amount of biologically active rGH. A 100-ml sample of rGH-producing E. coli produced 73.43 ± 5.47 mg IB (dry weight, n = 3) after 20 h induction by 1 mM isopropyl β-o-thiogalactopyranoside. Interestingly, if the bacteria were induced by 0.1 mM β-lactose, 95.3 ± 3.43 mg of IB was obtained. The optimal conditions for denaturation and renaturation of rGH were when IB were solubilized in 6 M guanidine hydrochloride and then dialysed against pH 10 dialysis buffer (50 mM ammonium bicarbonate and 2 mM EDTA) containing 100 mM l-arginine, 2 mM oxidized glutathione and 2 mM reduced glutathione for 24 h at 4 °C in a volume ratio of 3 to 500. At least 20% of the denaturated rGH in IB was renatured. Juvenile black sea bream injected with 0.05 μg/g resultant rGH once every 2 weeks exhibited significant increases (P 〈 0.05) in weight gain (84%) relative to fish in the control group over a 16-week period. This process is an economical and effective way to obtain an active form of rGH biosynthesized by a prokaryotic system.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Industrial and engineering chemistry 8 (1969), S. 114-123 
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1520-6882
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of food science 47 (1982), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A new technique was developed to produce high quality, uniform and attractive thin sliced, cured dried pork. The effects of nitrate, packaging method and storage time on residual nitrite, TBA values, sensory properties and microbiological counts were determined. Residual nitrite decreased with increased storage time at 3 ± 1°C. The addition of nitrate plus vacuum packaging caused a greater residual nitrite level and a lower TBA value during storage. Nitrite and/or nitrate acted as an antioxidant to retard oxidative rancidity (TBA value). Dried pork manufactured by the technique described had no major rancidity problem and had an acceptable shelf life. Total aerobic plate counts, lactic acid producing microbial counts and total anaerobic counts were not affected by nitrate or packaging methods. Coliforms, molds and yeasts were not found in this dried pork.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of food science 54 (1989), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1750-3841
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Hams made with meat plus tempeh (2% and 3.5%) had lower (P 〈 0.05) moisture and cooking yield; TBA values were slightly lower than the control after 30 days. Cooking yield of hams decreased with the increased amount of tempeh. Meat plus tempeh (2% and 3.5%) and (P 〈 0.05) lower Hunter L values and higher Hunter a values than the control. The control had higher shear force and binding strength values than those made with meat plus tempeh. Hams made with meat plus 2% tempeh and meat plus 3.5% tempeh were not significantly different from each other in overall acceptability scores but neither of these treatments was as acceptable as the control.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1439-0426
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Notes: Recombinant growth hormone (rGH) of fish was highly efficiently synthesized by Escherichia coli cells harbouring an expression plasmid (pKLYP) containing a 600 base pairs segment of cDNA which encoded the mature region of yellowfin porgy (Acanthopagrus latus) pre-growth hormone. After dena-turation and renaturation, rGH purified from inclusion bodies became the refolding form. rGH were then processed into the fishmeal pellet at various concentrations. Juvenile black sea-bream (Acanthopagrus schlegeli) fed twice daily with meal containing 0.5% rGH exhibited significant increases (P 〈 0.01) in percentage weight gain (60%) and feed efficiency (41%) relative to fish in the control group at week 12. Growth enhancement was maintained for at least 4 weeks (at week 16) after the termination of treatment.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1573-4811
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract Abstracts are not published in this journal
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0377-0486
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The IR spectra (1400 cm-1 to 160 cm-1) of the gases at ambient temperature and the Raman spectra (below 1400 cm-1) of the liquids near -196°C are reported for CF3OF and CF3OCl. All fundamentals are assigned under Cs symmetry and the results of a normal coordinate analysis are presented. The assignments of Smardzewski and Fox are adopted with one exception for both CF3OF and CF3OCl: the CF3 rock of A″ symmetry is assigned near 430 cm-1 and the two bands between 200 cm-1 and 300 cm-1 are assigned to an A′ fundamental, involving CF3 rocking and COX bending and a Δν=2 transition in the CF3 torsion. An extra band at 548 cm-1 in the Raman spectrum of liquid CF3 COl near -196°C is assigned to a CF3OCl⃛Cl2 complex. The values of the force constants d(OX) for CF3OX molecules are suggested to be near those for X2O molecules. More than half the normal modes of A′ symmetry show extensive mixing of symmetry coordinates. In some of these cases the symmetry coordinate for which the normal mode is named is the largest but not the dominant contributor to the potential energy distribution, while in others this symmetry coordinate is not even the largest contributor to the potential energy distribution. No normal modes of A′ symmetry are present in which ν(CO), δs(CF3), δ(COX), or δ(CF3) symmetry coordinates are dominant, and the mode conventionally labeled as v(CO) should be labeled as νs(CF3). For the remaining A′ normal modes and all the A″ normal modes, the symmetry coordinate for which the normal mode is named is dominant in the potential energy distribution.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2011-11-30
    Description: Brefeldin A-inhibited guanine nucleotide-exchange protein (BIG) 1 activates class I ADP ribosylation factors (ARFs) by accelerating the replacement of bound GDP with GTP to initiate recruitment of coat proteins for membrane vesicle formation. Among proteins that interact with BIG1, kinesin family member 21A (KIF21A), a plus-end-directed motor protein, moves cargo away from the microtubule-organizing center (MTOC) on microtubules. Because KANK1, a protein containing N-terminal KN, C-terminal ankyrin-repeat, and intervening coiled-coil domains, has multiple actions in cells and also interacts with KIF21A, we explored a possible interaction between it and BIG1. We obtained evidence for a functional and physical association between these proteins, and found that the effects of BIG1 and KANK1 depletion on cell migration in wound-healing assays were remarkably similar. Treatment of cells with BIG1- or KANK1-specific siRNA interfered significantly with directed cell migration and initial orientation of Golgi/MTOC toward the leading edge, which was not mimicked by KIF21A depletion. Although colocalization of overexpressed KANK1 and endogenous BIG1 in HeLa cells was not clear microscopically, their reciprocal immunoprecipitation (IP) is compatible with the presence of small percentages of each protein in the same complexes. Depletion or overexpression of BIG1 protein appeared not to affect KANK1 distribution. Our data identify actions of both BIG1 and KANK1 in regulating cell polarity during directed migration; these actions are consistent with the presence of both BIG1 and KANK1 in dynamic multimolecular complexes that maintain Golgi/MTOC orientation, differ from those that might contain all three proteins (BIG1, KIF21A, and KANK1), and function in directed transport along microtubules.
    Print ISSN: 0027-8424
    Electronic ISSN: 1091-6490
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General
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