Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract Supersonic flight of aerospace planes is of marked interest since several flow regimes characterized by different local flow structures have to be flown through. This problem was investigated experimentally for the hypersonic research configuration ELAC 1. The aim of the study was to detect the influence of the rounded leading edge, of the thickness distribution prescribed, and of the Reynolds number, especially on the flow on the leeward side of the configuration. The experiments were carried out in the transonic wind tunnel of Aerodynamisches Institut of RWTH Aachen, at a freestream Mach number Ma ∞=2, a unit Reynolds number of Re ∞=13×106, angles of attack between −3°?α?10°, and in a wind tunnel of the Institute for Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Novosibirsk. The freestream Mach numbers covered in these experiments were varied between 2?Ma ∞?4, freestream Reynolds numbers per unit length between 25×106?Re ∞?56×106 and angles of attack between −3°?α?10°. Flow visualization studies, measurements of surface pressure distributions and of aerodynamic forces were used to analyze the flow. The results, which will also be compared with numerical data, clearly indicate marked differences in the location of the separation and reattachment lines, and the formation of the primary, secondary and tertiary vortices, for the flow regimes investigated.
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