ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1439-0426
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1095-8649
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Serum concentrations of 11-ketotestosterone, 11β-hydroxytestosterone, testosterone, testoster-one glucuronide, oestradiol and 17,20β -dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17,20β -P) were measured in the sobaity at monthly intervals through their second breeding season. Concentrations of the 11-oxygenated androgens in the males and of oestradiol in the females peaked during the spawning season in January-February, while maximum levels of testosterone were found in the summer when these steroids were low. Testosterone glucuronide showed two peaks, one in the post-spawning period as oestradiol and the 11-oxygenated androgens were falling and the other coincident with the summer peak of testosterone. 17,20β -P was detectable in only one male and one female fish in February. Serum concentrations of 11-oxygenated androgens are more reliable than those of oestradiol for determining the sex of sobaity, and may also be used as indicators of the occurrence of sex reversal. The seasonal pattern of serum steroids correlated well with the changes of sexual status of the gonads during regression and recrudescence observed histologically and suggests that oestradiol may be involved in the sex inversion of this species.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1095-8649
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Male and female Carassius auratus were exposed to safe (SC; 0.01 ppm) and sublethal (SL; 0·1 ppm) concentrations of an organochlorine pesticide γ-hexachlorocyclohexane (γ-HCH) for 4 weeks during the pre-spawning phase (June) of the annual reproductive cycle. Gonadosomatic index and gonadotropin levels were significantly lower after exposure to both γ-HCH concentrations than in control fish. After 4 weeks exposure, gonadal tissue from control, SC and SL exposed fish was incubated with carp hypophyseal homogenate (chh). The chh stimulated production of testosterone, 17,20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17,20βP), 11-deoxycortisol, and 11-ketotesterone (11-KT) was estimated in the unconjugated (free) and conjugated (glucuronide) fractions by radioimmunoassay. In both sexes, testosterone production was greatly decreased in γ-HCH exposed fish compared to controls. 17,20βP production was low in all fish and was unaffected by γ-HCH. Free 11-deoxycortisol production by testicular fragments was higher in SL and SC compared with controls, while conjugated 11-deoxycortisol was increased only higher in the SL. In ovarian fragments from exposed fish, free 11-deoxycortisol decreased while glucuronide concentrations increased compared with controls. 11-KT production was significantly decreased in testicular fragments of exposed fish. The results indicate that γ-HCH inhibits gonadal recrudescence by decreasing both gonadotropin secretion and its potential for stimulation of steroidogenesis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1095-8649
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Testes from carp, Cyprinus carpio L., at five different maturational stages from immature through to spermiation and regression were incubated with or without addition of carp hypophysial homogenate (chh) for 8 or 20 h. Concentrations of steroids and spermatozoa were measured in the medium and the residual tissue examined histologically. There was an increase in the area of the germinal cysts containing spermatozoa, the percentage of the testis which they occupied and in the production of spermatozoa as the gonadosomatic index (GSI) increased, but this was unaffected either by incubation or by pretreatment with chh. The major steroid in plasma and in in vitro testicular cultures from all of the maturing fish captured in winter was 1 I-ketotestosterone. The production rate of this steroid in virro was unaffected by GSI, while plasma levels tended to increase with GSI. 17.20β-Dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one was detectable in significant amounts in only a few spermiating fish in summer, but was stimulated more in incubations with chh in maturing winter than in summer spermiating or post-spawning fish. 17,20a-Dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one was not detectable in incubations, but plasma concentrations tended to increase towards spermiation and were positively correlated with the size of the cyst. After spawning, fish had low plasma steroid levels and failed to respond in vitro to pituitary extract, indicating a testicular post-spawning refractoriness.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1095-8649
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Although the sperm of externally fertilizing fishes usually has a brief life span of up to a few minutes, this study showed that the sperm of the three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus moved for several hours in brackish water and up to at least 10 h in the presence of ovarian fluid. Three-spined sticklebacks were able to spawn in waters ranging from full-strength sea water to fresh water, an ability unusual among fishes. The influence of salinity on sperm motility was examined, using three-spined sticklebacks from sea (salinity 30), brackish (5·5) and freshwater (0) populations. All three populations were found to have sperm with long motility periods in brackish water, lasting 165–270 min. Seawater three-spined sticklebacks had sperm motile for up to 65 min in sea water, whereas sperm from fresh- and brackish-water fish were quiescent in this medium. In fresh water, sperm from all three populations showed a very brief motility period, lasting 〈60 s. The presence of ovarian fluid, however, prolonged the motility period of sperm from both fresh- and brackish-water three-spined sticklebacks, for up to 7 and 10 h in fresh and brackish water, respectively, with some sperm found to be motile for up to 24 h. The results indicated that ovarian fluid created a favourable environment for the sperm and might have facilitated the three-spined sticklebacks' successful penetration of fresh water.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Journal of fish biology 63 (2003), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1095-8649
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: This study is the first to examine the morphology of fish sperm using automated sperm morphology analysis (ASMA). The technique was applied to investigate the effect of an environmental pollutant, mercury, on the sperm morphology of goldfish Carassius auratus, and the effects on sperm morphology were compared with those on sperm motility. Goldfish sperm flagellar length was significantly shortened after instant exposure to 100 mg l−1 (368 µM) mercuric chloride, while curvilinear velocity (VCL) and the percentage of motile sperm were significantly decreased at mercuric chloride concentrations of 1 and 10 mg l−1 (3·68 and 36·8 µM), respectively. After 24 h exposure to 0·001 mg l−1 (0·0037 µM) mercuric chloride, flagellar length was significantly reduced in 38% of the spermatozoa. Following exposure to 0·1 mg l−1 (0·37 µM) mercuric chloride for 24 h, however, the majority of spermatozoa (98%), had significantly shortened flagella and increased sperm head length, width and area. Sperm motility was also significantly decreased at 0·1 mg l−1 (0·37 µM) mercuric chloride, probably due to the significantly reduced flagellar length at this concentration. This study shows that the morphological examination of fish sperm by ASMA provides, not only, an excellent tool for monitoring reproductive disruption caused by environmental pollution, but also has applications to other areas of fish reproductive biology, such as cryopreservation and aquaculture.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1095-8649
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: The optimal ratio of spermatozoa : egg (15 000 : 1) for artificial insemination of African catfish Clarias gariepinus gave fertilization and hatching rates of 80 and 67%, respectively. Below a sperm : ova of 3000 : 1 fertilization success decreased significantly. Excessive sperm (〉15 000 : 1) partly inhibited fertilization success. Sperm motility was decreased significantly by 0·001 mg 1−1 Hg2+ as HgCl2, but its effect on fertilization was dependent on the sperm : ova ratio, since excess sperm masked the effect of the pollutant. The most sensitive sperm : ova ratio for monitoring pollutant effects on fertilization success was 1500 : 1, which corresponds to half the minimal amount that yields a high fertilization rate in artificial insemination. There was a good correlation between fertilization and hatching rates (r=0·83; P〈0·05). Although both fertilization and hatching rates provide equally good indicators of fertilization success, the more rapid fertilization rate test is recommended since it requires only 12 h.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Journal of fish biology 61 (2002), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1095-8649
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Unlike the sperm of most teleosts, that of the spotted wolffish Anarhichas minor is motile on stripping, remains motile for at least 2 days and loses motility when exposed to sea water. Computer assisted sperm analysis (CASA) was used to quantitatively examine the motility characteristics of spotted wolffish sperm. Straight line velocity (VSL), beat cross frequency (BCF) and percentage motility were the most sensitive indicators of movement. Sperm trajectories were very different to those of other teleosts examined, showing large side-to-side movements of the sperm head and a more ‘wiggly’ behaviour which may be an adaptation to swimming in the viscous gelatinous egg mass. VSL was not altered by pH from 5·0 to 9·0, but was lower at pH 4·5. It was highest at 200 to 500 mOsm and decreased rapidly at 〈200 mOsm and more slowly at 〉500 mOsm. It is suggested that the unusual characteristics of spotted wolffish sperm in its trajectory and duration of motility, its release in a fully activated state and its greatly decreased motility in both fresh and sea water are related to a spawning strategy involving mixing of sperm with eggs contained in a gelatinous mass rather than release directly into water in proximity to the ova.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 1095-8649
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Fifteen tagged female sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax were sampled weekly from September to April and plasma vitellogenin (VTG), testosterone (T), 17β-estradiol (E2), and two potential maturation inducing steroids (MISs): 17,20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17,20βP) and 17,20β,21-trihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (20βS) assayed. An oocyte sample was obtained via intraovarian cannulation at each sampling time from every female and the stage of development of the most advanced clutch of oocytes determined and related to VTG and hormone plasma levels for each female. The mean number of ovulations per female was 1·75+0·25 when those females that did not present ovulations were excluded and up to 4 ovulations detected in some females. The highest plasma levels of T (c. 6 ng ml-1) were observed during postvitellogenesis and the beginning of maturation while maximum plasma levels of E2 (〉5 ng ml-1) were obtained during late vitellogenesis. VTG plasma levels increased throughout vitellogenesis peaking (c. 2·5 mg ml-1) at postvittelogenesis. For the first time significant changes of plasma progestogens were detected in European sea bass during the sexual cycle. The highest plasma level of 17,20βP (c. 1·1 ng ml-1) was observed during postvitellogenesis while the highest level of 20βS (c. 1·4 ng ml-1) coincided with final maturation. These results suggest that 17,20βP and 20βS play a role in the early and final maturation, respectively, in the European sea bass.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    ISSN: 1095-8649
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Exposure of sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax oocytes to 25, 50, 100, and 300 IU ml−1 of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) resulted in a dose-dependent increase (ED50=60 IU ml−1) in the maximal maturation and volume response rate over a 120-h incubation period. Oocytes responded in a similar dose-dependent manner to graded doses of homologous sea bass pituitary extract (ED50=3·3#10−2 PE ml−1). The response latency of sea bass oocytes to endogenous and exogenous gonadotropins was similar (t1/2≃45 and 48 h, respectively). Both 17α,20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17,20βP) and 17α,20β,21-trihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (20βS) stimulated maturation in a dose- and time-dependent manner with t1/2 values less than those of hCG (15 h and 7·5 h at 100 ng ml−1, respectively); 17α,20α-dehydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17,20αP) was ineffective. 17,20βP was more potent at all doses tested. The stimulatory actions of gonadotropin and maturation-inducing steroid (MIS) involved both transcription and translation since maturation was significantly inhibited in the presence of actinomycin D and cycloheximide. Moreover, pituitary extract and hCG stimulated release of higher levels of 17,20βP in a dose- and time-dependent manner in follicle incubations as compared to 20βS suggesting that this steroid may in fact be the MIS in this species.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...