Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract The temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity, thermoelectromotive force, and thermal expansion coefficient for sulfides of lanthanum, gadolinium, praseodymium and dysprosium of the composition Ln3 – x V x S4 is investigated in the temperature range from 300 to 1200 K. It is shown that the transfer phenomena and thermoelectrical properties of the investigated compositions depend on the concentration of current carriers, cation vacancies, and mobility. Gadolinium sulfide is found to have the highest thermoelectrical efficiency. The scattering from ions of rare-earth elements has a noticeable effect on the magnitude and temperature dependence of the lattice thermal conductivity and electrical resistance.
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