Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract We introduce our μSR investigations of spin‐gap systems, such as, (1) a 2‐leg spin‐ladder material SrCu2O3, (2) a Haldane material (S=1 spin‐chain) Y2BaNiO5, (3) a spin‐Peierls material CuGeO3, (4) a spin‐chain# material Sr6Ca8Cu24O41. All of these antiferromagnetic spin systems are characterized by a spin‐gap between the singlet ground‐state and the triplet first excited states. In the above‐mentioned materials, we confirmed the absence of magnetic order down to milli‐Kelvin regime, supporting the non‐magnetic feature of the ground‐state. If a spin‐gap system is doped with charges and/or vacancies at the spin site, unpaired spins are induced out of the singlet ground‐state. In some materials, doping completely destroys the singlet ground‐state and induces a bulk magnetic order. We report μSR investigations of doped materials as well, which clarifies the existence/absence of a magnetic order upon doping.
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