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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2019-06-05
    Description: A compelling body of research demonstrates associations between urban design and health, but this research is often not reflected in urban policies. This article reviews the literature on the science and practice of translating health research into urban policy and planning. Two Australian case studies demonstrate how policy frameworks can help guide evidence-based planning for healthy urban environments. To influence city planning, health researchers need to undertake policy-relevant research and understand policymaking processes. Policy frameworks can assist researchers to tailor research evidence and research translation strategies to the political and policymaking context. Strong links between urban policymakers and health researchers can help bridge the knowledge-policy divide. Policy frameworks can help researchers to identify and capitalise on windows of opportunity for evidence-based policy change. Doing so increases the likelihood of public health evidence informing urban policies that will create healthy liveable cities.
    Language: English
    Type: http://purl.org/escidoc/metadata/ves/publication-types/article
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  • 2
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    In:  Proceedings | 5th International Climate Change Adaptation Conference#
    Publication Date: 2019-06-06
    Description: It is vital to strengthen the capacity of communities and countries to prepare and adapt to the health impacts arising from climate change. Capacity can be strengthened by increasing the understanding, knowledge and skills of individuals within the health sector as well as with other sectors relevant to health. Important knowledge areas include the basics of climate change science, the fundamental links between climate change and human health, and more specific areas of focus, including epidemiology and health information system strengthening. Currently, no comprehensive and regional-wide training program exists that intensively develops the knowledge and understanding of the health sector. The objective of this activity in Vietnam, Cambodia and Lao PDR was to i) support a core group of staff within each country to develop and strengthen their understanding of the links between climate change and human health and ii) for this group to be able to sustain this knowledge and train their peers (Training of Trainers approach) in their home countries. 17 participants in each country were identified for this intensive regional TOT ?Fellowship?. Participants represented the health and non-health sectors, including meteorology, agriculture, disaster management. The training occurred over three separate occasions throughout 2017/2018. The phased training allowed participants to work on a small group research project that was closely related to the project during the periods between training. Participants were supported to rollout the training at both national and provincial levels (and potentially beyond) once the ToT Fellowship was concluded (January, 2018). Provinces were selected in each country after the national rollout training was conducted. ToT Fellows who were selected to participate in the training were highly engaged, enthusiastic and willing to learn more about climate change and human health. The iterative development and conduct of the training served to provide an opportunity to evaluate and adapt the training through the process, which lead to a more tailored result. The Greater Mekong Sub-region is now in the process of developing a sustainable cadre of health and climate change champions, who have the ability to train their country colleagues on the links between climate change and human health, and appropriate ways to respond and reduce the related impacts. In addition, the regional approach has allowed skill-sharing and knowledge exchange between countries, with this increased knowledge, skill, and understanding, the health sector is in a much stronger position to prepare and implement relevant policies and activities to safeguard human health.
    Language: English
    Type: http://purl.org/eprint/type/ConferencePaper
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  • 3
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    Oxford University Press
    In:  Journal of travel medicine
    Publication Date: 2019-06-05
    Description: Humans have a long history of mobility on a spectrum from voluntary migration to forced displacement in response to social, political and environmental change. While many migration drivers exist, climate change is likely to amplify the environmental drivers of migration. At least 1.5?C of warming above pre-industrial levels between 2030 and 2052 are projected if global warming continues to increase at the current rate. The associated impacts are diverse and include temperature and precipitation extremes in most inhabited regions and increased probability of drought and flood. Migration can be an important and useful adaptive response to climate impacts when it increases household resilience and reduces socio-economic vulnerabilities, and yet can also have negative health consequences. The climate?migration?health nexus entails complex interactions including the following: first, climate-related risks to health faced by migrants at all stages of the migration journey. Second, the impacts of migration itself on health with possible specific health implications of climate-related migration. This article provides a brief overview of climate-related migration, identifies climate hotspots where substantial migration and displacement are anticipated and explores the health implications of climate-related migration.
    Language: English
    Type: http://purl.org/escidoc/metadata/ves/publication-types/article
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-06-17
    Language: English
    Type: http://purl.org/escidoc/metadata/ves/publication-types/article
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2014-01-31
    Description: Climate change adaptation in the health sector requires decisions across sectors, levels of government, and organisations. The networks that link these different institutions, and the relationships among people within these networks, are therefore critical influences on the nature of adaptive responses to climate change in the health sector. This study uses social network research to identify key organisational players engaged in developing health-related adaptation activities in Cambodia. It finds that strong partnerships are reported as developing across sectors and different types of organisations in relation to the health risks from climate change. Government ministries are influential organisations, whereas donors, development banks and non-government organisations do not appear to be as influential in the development of adaptation policy in the health sector. Finally, the study highlights the importance of informal partnerships (or ‘shadow networks’) in the context of climate change adaptation policy and activities. The health governance ‘map’ in relation to health and climate change adaptation that is developed in this paper is a novel way of identifying organisations that are perceived as key agents in the decision-making process, and it holds substantial benefits for both understanding and intervening in a broad range of climate change-related policy problems where collaboration is paramount for successful outcomes.
    Print ISSN: 1661-7827
    Electronic ISSN: 1660-4601
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Medicine
    Published by MDPI Publishing
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