PACS: 36; 61.46.+w; 81.20.-n
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
6 Hx + (n=1, 7, 13) cations were always observed. Of these, the clusters with x=13 were the most stable, having a structure that corresponded to a ring structure with bulk-like sp3 bonding. The grown clusters were extracted as an ion beam from the ion trap through the inside of the quadrupole in the ion trap. The cluster ions extracted were mass-selected and were deflected by a quadrupole lens out of the path of the effusive flow from the cluster growth chamber. The cluster ion beam was slowed to a deposition energy of 1∼100 eV/atom and focused on the sample surface. It was confirmed that the characteristics of the cluster ion beam were controlled by the growth parameters in the ion trap.
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