Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Sorption on the mineral matrix is an important process restricting the movement of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in soils. In this study, we aimed to identify the chemical structures responsible for the retention of DOM by sorption experiments with total DOM and acidic humic substances (AHS), containing humic and fulvic acids, on soil samples and minerals (goethite, ferrihydrite, and amorphous Al(OH)3). The AHS remaining in solution after sorption were studied by 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis, and total DOM and AHS for bed on the surfaces of minerals by diffuse reflectance Fourier-transform infrared (DRIFT) spectroscopy. The soil samples were taken from strongly sorbing Bw horizons of two Inceptisols rich in pedogenetic Fe (29 and 35 g kg −1) and containing little C (7 and 22 g kg−1). The 13C-NMR spectra showed that sorption causes a preferential removal of aromatic and carboxyl C from the solution, whereas alkyl-C accumulates in the solution. No change was observed for O-alkyl C. The DRIFT spectra of sorbed total DOM and AHS showed a relative increase of the band intensity of carboxyl groups compared to DOM in the initial solution, confirming the importance of those groups for the sorption to mineral surfaces. The spectra also indicated reactions of carboxyl groups with metals at the mineral surfaces. The extent to which the carboxyl groups are bound depended on the surface coverage with DOM and the type of mineral.
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