Supplement to: Beil, Sebastian; Kuhnt, Wolfgang; Holbourn, Ann; Aquit, Mohamed; Flögel, Sascha; Chellai, El Hassane; Jabour, Haddou (2018): New insights into Cenomanian paleoceanography and climate evolution from the Tarfaya Basin, southern Morocco. Cretaceous Research, 84, 451-473, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2017.11.006
A 325 m long continuous succession of uppermost Albian to lower Turonian pelagic (outer shelf) deposits was recovered from a new drill site in the central part of the Tarfaya Basin (southern Morocco). Natural gamma ray wireline logging, carbonate and organic carbon content, bulk carbonate and organic carbon stable isotopes and X-ray fluorescence (XRF)-scanner derived elemental distribution data in combination with planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy indicate complete recovery of the Cenomanian Stage. This exceptional sediment archive allows to identify orbitally driven cyclic sedimentation patterns and to evaluate the pacing of climatic events and regional environmental change across the Albian-Cenomanian boundary (ACB), the mid-Cenomanian Event (MCE) and Oceanic Anoxic Event 2 (OAE2) in the latest Cenomanian. The deposition of organic-rich sediments in the Tarfaya Basin, likely driven by upwelling of nutrient-rich water masses, started during the latest Albian and intensified in two major steps following the MCE and the onset of OAE2. The duration and structure of the MCE and OAE2 carbon isotope excursions exhibit striking similarities, suggesting common driving mechanisms and climate-carbon cycle feedbacks. Both events were also associated with eustatic sea level falls, expressed as prominent sequence boundaries in the Tarfaya Basin. Based on the 405 kyr signal imprinted on the Natural Gamma Ray (NGR) and XRF-scanner derived Log(Zr/Rb) records, we estimate the duration of the Cenomanian Stage to be 4.8 ± 0.2 Myr.
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