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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2014-11-05
    Description: Whole exome sequencing has proven to be a powerful tool for understanding the genetic architecture of human disease. Here we apply it to more than 2,500 simplex families, each having a child with an autistic spectrum disorder. By comparing affected to unaffected siblings, we show that 13% of de novo missense mutations and 43% of de novo likely gene-disrupting (LGD) mutations contribute to 12% and 9% of diagnoses, respectively. Including copy number variants, coding de novo mutations contribute to about 30% of all simplex and 45% of female diagnoses. Almost all LGD mutations occur opposite wild-type alleles. LGD targets in affected females significantly overlap the targets in males of lower intelligence quotient (IQ), but neither overlaps significantly with targets in males of higher IQ. We estimate that LGD mutation in about 400 genes can contribute to the joint class of affected females and males of lower IQ, with an overlapping and similar number of genes vulnerable to contributory missense mutation. LGD targets in the joint class overlap with published targets for intellectual disability and schizophrenia, and are enriched for chromatin modifiers, FMRP-associated genes and embryonically expressed genes. Most of the significance for the latter comes from affected females.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4313871/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4313871/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Iossifov, Ivan -- O'Roak, Brian J -- Sanders, Stephan J -- Ronemus, Michael -- Krumm, Niklas -- Levy, Dan -- Stessman, Holly A -- Witherspoon, Kali T -- Vives, Laura -- Patterson, Karynne E -- Smith, Joshua D -- Paeper, Bryan -- Nickerson, Deborah A -- Dea, Jeanselle -- Dong, Shan -- Gonzalez, Luis E -- Mandell, Jeffrey D -- Mane, Shrikant M -- Murtha, Michael T -- Sullivan, Catherine A -- Walker, Michael F -- Waqar, Zainulabedin -- Wei, Liping -- Willsey, A Jeremy -- Yamrom, Boris -- Lee, Yoon-ha -- Grabowska, Ewa -- Dalkic, Ertugrul -- Wang, Zihua -- Marks, Steven -- Andrews, Peter -- Leotta, Anthony -- Kendall, Jude -- Hakker, Inessa -- Rosenbaum, Julie -- Ma, Beicong -- Rodgers, Linda -- Troge, Jennifer -- Narzisi, Giuseppe -- Yoon, Seungtai -- Schatz, Michael C -- Ye, Kenny -- McCombie, W Richard -- Shendure, Jay -- Eichler, Evan E -- State, Matthew W -- Wigler, Michael -- P30 CA016359/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- T32 GM007266/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS/ -- U54 HD083091/HD/NICHD NIH HHS/ -- UL1 TR000142/TR/NCATS NIH HHS/ -- Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- Howard Hughes Medical Institute/ -- England -- Nature. 2014 Nov 13;515(7526):216-21. doi: 10.1038/nature13908. Epub 2014 Oct 29.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 11724, USA. ; 1] Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA [2] Molecular &Medical Genetics, Oregon Health &Science University, Portland, Oregon 97208, USA. ; 1] Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94158, USA [2] Department of Genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA. ; Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA. ; Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94158, USA. ; 1] Department of Genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA [2] Center for Bioinformatics, State Key Laboratory of Protein and Plant Gene Research, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. ; Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA. ; Yale Center for Genomic Analysis, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA. ; 1] Center for Bioinformatics, State Key Laboratory of Protein and Plant Gene Research, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China [2] National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing 102206, China. ; 1] Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 11724, USA [2] New York Genome Center, New York, New York 10013, USA. ; 1] Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 11724, USA [2] Department of Medical Biology, Bulent Ecevit University School of Medicine, 67600 Zonguldak, Turkey. ; Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA. ; 1] Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA [2] Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA. ; 1] Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94158, USA [2] Department of Genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA [3] Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA [4] Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25363768" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Child ; Child Development Disorders, Pervasive/*genetics ; Cluster Analysis ; Exome/genetics ; Female ; Genes ; Genetic Predisposition to Disease/*genetics ; Humans ; Intelligence Tests ; Male ; Mutation/*genetics ; Open Reading Frames/*genetics ; Reproducibility of Results
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1998-08-26
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Gardner, W -- Rosenbaum, J -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1998 Aug 7;281(5378):786-7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, USA. gardnerwp@msx.upmc.edu〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9714683" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Copyright ; Databases as Topic/*legislation & jurisprudence ; *Intellectual Property ; Ownership ; United States
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2001-12-18
    Description: 〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Freeman, R -- Weinstein, E -- Marincola, E -- Rosenbaum, J -- Solomon, F -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2001 Dec 14;294(5550):2293-4.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. freeman@nber.org〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11743184" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: *Biological Science Disciplines/economics/education ; *Career Choice ; *Career Mobility ; Competitive Behavior ; Education, Graduate ; Fellowships and Scholarships ; Financial Support ; Humans ; Publishing ; *Research Personnel/economics ; Research Support as Topic ; Salaries and Fringe Benefits ; United States ; Universities
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0309-1651
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-0967
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract Late Hercynian U-bearing carbonate veins within the metamorphic complex of La Lauzière are characterized by two parageneses. The first is dominated by dolomite or ankerite and the second by calcite and pitchblende. Fluids trapped in the dolomites and ankerites at 350–400° C are saline waters (20 to 15 wt % eq. NaCl) with δD∼ −34 to −49‰. In the calcite they are less saline (17 to 8 wt % eq. NaCl) and trapped at 300–350° C with δD∼ −50 to −65‰. All fluids contain trace N2, CO2 and probably CH4. The carbonates have Δ 13C∼ −8 to −14‰. and derived their carbon from organic matter. Evolution of the physico-chemical conditions from dolomite (ankerite) to calcite deposition was progressive. H and O-isotope studies indicate the involvement of two externally derived fluids during vein development. A D-rich (∼ −35‰) low fO2, saline fluid is interpreted to have come from underlying sediments and entered the hotter overlying metamorphic slab and mixed with more oxidizing and less saline U bearing meteoric waters during regional uplift. This evidence for a sedimentary formation water source for the deep fluid implies that the metamorphic complex overthrusted sedimentary formations during the Late-Hercynian.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Energy & fuels 2 (1988), S. 241-245 
    ISSN: 1520-5029
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Journal of the American Chemical Society 73 (1951), S. 1388-1388 
    ISSN: 1520-5126
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 211 (1966), S. 882-883 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] For several years we have sought novel fasciolicides1. An interesting level of activity against the mature fluke found for the known anthelmintic 2,6-di-iodo-4-nitro-phenol (disophenol) (I)2 led us to synthesize and test a wide range of substituted phenols and their derivatives: One of these, ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 286 (1980), S. 611-613 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] The typical eye histology produced is shown in Fig. 1. This response could be produced by 1 mg of Escherichia coli, Kleb-siella or Shigella but not by 1 mg of Staphylococcus or by 0.1 mg of E. coli. The different response following Gram-negative as opposed to Gram-positive bacteria encouraged us to ...
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Systems of ordinary differential equations in which the magnitudes of the eigenvalues (or time constants) vary greatly are commonly called stiff. Such systems of equations arise in nuclear reactor kinetics, the flow of chemically reacting gas, dynamics, control theory, circuit analysis and other fields. The research reported develops an A-stable numerical integration technique for solving stiff systems of ordinary differential equations. The method, which is called the generalized trapezoidal rule, is a modification of the trapezoidal rule. However, the method is computationally more efficient than the trapezoidal rule when the solution of the almost-discontinuous segments is being calculated.
    Keywords: ELECTRONICS
    Type: TR-140 , NASA-CR-134571
    Format: application/pdf
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