chiral organic ammonium salt
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract LogK, ΔH, andTΔS values for interactions of (R) and (S) enantiomers of α-(1-naphthyl)ethylammonium perchlorate (NapEt), α-phenylethylammonium perchlorate (PhEt), and the hydrogen perchlorate salt of 2-amino-2-phenylethanol (PhEtOH) with a series of chiral and achiral pyridino-18-crown-6 type ligands and 18-crown-6 (18C6) were determined from calorimetric titration data valid in methanol and in a 1: 1 (v/v) methanol-1,2-dichloroethane (MeOH-1,2-DCE) mixture at 25.0°C. In the MeOH-1,2-DCE solvent mixture, the chiral macrocyclic ligands exhibit excellent recognition for enantiomers of the three organic ammonium cations as shown by large differences in logK values (Δ logK) which range from 0.4 to 0.6 (2.5- to 4.0-fold difference in binding constants). The Δ logK values in the solvent mixture MeOH-1,2-DCE are increased by 0.1–0.5 logK units over those in absolute methanol, indicating a favorable effect of 1,2-dichloroethane on enantiomeric recognition. In 1,2-dichloroethane, however, the interactions are too strong (logK〉6) to observe the degree of recognition by a direct calorimetric method. Complexation of organic ammonium cations by these macrocyclic ligands is driven by favorable enthalpy changes. The entropy changes ure unfavorable in all cases. The thermodynamic origin of enantiomeric recognition for NapEt in 1:1 (v/v) MeOH-1,2-DCE is enthalpic, but those for PhEt and PhEtOH are entropic. Effects of the ligand structure and flexibility and of the organic cation structure on recognition and complex stability are discussed on the basis of the thermodynamic quantities. Different thermodynamic behaviors of achiral 5 and 18C6 from those of chiral macrocyclic ligands indicate a difference between chiral and achiral macrocycle interactions with the chiral organic ammonium cations. The different thermodynamic behavior of NapEt enantiomers compared to those of PhEt and PhEtOH enantiomers supports the idea that the solution complex conformation of NapEt is different from those of PhEt and PhEtOH. π-π interaction is absent for the PhEt and PhEtOH complexes with diesterpyridino-18-crown-6 ligands in solution. Therefore, the higher degree of enantiomeric recognition for NapEt than for either PhEt or PhEtOH by these chiral macrocyclic ligands is a result of the presence of π-π interaction in the NapEt system.
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