Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Analysis of gene expression using gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antisense oligonucleotide confirmed by immunocytochemical localization the occurrence of GnRH neurons along the nervus terminalis in the steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Double-label immunocytochemistry revealed the distribution of mammalian (m), salmon (s) and chicken II (cII)-type GnRHs and various pituitary hormones. Both sGnRH and mGnRH appeared to be colocalized in the same cells of the nervus terminalis. Chicken GnRH II-immunoreactivity was found only in fibers and terminals. In the younger fish [73 and 186 days after fertilization (DAF)] GnRH neurons were seen rostral to the olfactory bulb. A novel GnRH ganglion, along the nervus terminalis, was found at the cribriform bone (gCB). A few non-immunoreactive rounded cells were seen among the GnRH neurons. A second smaller ganglion was seen at the most rostrally located part of the ventromedial olfactory bulb (gROB). In the older fish (850 DAF) GnRH neurons were also observed in the basal forebrain. A small group of neurons (2–3 cells), at the caudoventromedial border of the olfactory bulb, formed the ganglion terminale. Occasionally isolated GnRH-immunoreactive cells were seen at the base of the olfactory epithelium, along the ventromedial margins of the olfactory nerve. GnRH-immunoreactive and GnRH mRNA expressing neurons were absent from midbrain regions at the ages observed. GnRH-immunoreactive fibers were present only in older fish. The pattern of distribution of fibers that were immunoreactive to all three forms of GnRH was identical. Fibers were seen along the medial side of the olfactory nerve, throughout the brain and in the pituitary, associated with growth hormone and somatolactin cells. This morphological study shows that molecular forms of GnRHs might have multiple functions.
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