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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0878
    Keywords: Key words: Tumor cells ; Enterocytic differentiation ; Lysosomal cathepsins ; Leupeptin ; HT-29 colon carcinoma cells
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. Enterocyte-like differentiated HT-29 colon carcinoma cells were shown to contain far higher intracellular levels of activity of lysosomal cathepsins B, D, and L than their undifferentiated counterparts. In the latter, inhibition of lysosomal functions by leupeptin or ammonium chloride led to a marked increase in the cell-associated activity of the three cathepsins. High levels of pro-cathepsins B, D, and L were found in the culture media of both HT-29 cell populations. Ammonium chloride and chloroquine, which are known to impair the mannose-6-phosphate-dependent trafficking of lysosomal-targeted proteins, did not increase the secretion of the three cathepsins in either undifferentiated or differentiated cultures of HT-29 cells. Analyses by cell fractionation revealed heterogeneities with regard to the density and the content of lysosomal cathepsins between the two cell populations. Leupeptin induced the accumulation of mature lysosomal cathepsins B and L in light density organelles in undifferentiated HT-29 cells. Altogether, these data demonstrate that (1) the expression and subcellular distribution of cathepsins B, D, and L in HT-29 cells are influenced by their state of enterocytic differentiation, (2) the segregation of lysosomal cathepsins is largely inefficient in this tumor cell line and does not increase upon differentiation, and (3) the mannose-6-phosphate-receptor-dependent pathway plays a minor role in the sorting of the three cathepsins, both in undifferentiated and enterocytic-differentiated HT-29 cells.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0730-2312
    Keywords: glycosylation ; lysosomal targeting ; lysozyme ; monensin ; myeloperoxidase ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: The role of the N-terminal sequence of myeloperoxidase in the intracellular targeting was examined by using glycosylated lysozyme as a reporter. A fusion protein was constructed in which the presequence residues -18 through -6 of the lysozyme moiety had been replaced by residues 1-158 of prepromyeloperoxidase. Expression of the fusion protein in Chinese hamster ovary cells demonstrated its partial secretion and partial intracellular retention. The latter was accompanied by trimming the myeloperoxidase prosequence off the lysozyme moiety. The rate of the retention of the lysozyme fusion protein was higher than that of glycosylated lysozyme that had been expressed in cells transfected with cDNA of glycosylated lysozyme. The retention was insensitive to NH4Cl. In the secreted protein, lysozyme contained predominantly complex oligosaccharides as demonstrated by a proteolytic fragmentation in vitro and resistance to endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase H. In contrast, when targeted to lysosomes, the lysozyme moiety of the fusion protein contained predominantly mannose-rich oligosaccharides. In baby hamster kidney cells, the trimming of the oligosaccharides in the lysozyme fragment was less vigorous, and a selective targeting of molecules bearing mannose-rich oligosaccharides to lysosomes was more apparent than in Chinese hamster ovary cells. In the presence of monensin, the formation of complex oligosaccharides in the fusion protein and its secretion were strongly inhibited, whereas the intracellular fragmentation was not. We suggest that the prosequence of myeloperoxidase participates in the intracellular routing of the precursor and that this routing operates on precursors bearing mannose-rich rather than terminally glycosylated oligosaccharides and diverts them from the secretory pathway at a site proximal to the monensin-sensitive compartment of the Golgi apparatus. J. Cell. Biochem. 71:158-168, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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