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  • 1
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    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Two phase mixtures thermally induced flow oscillations, discussing scaling criteria, phase change numbers and stability boundaries
    Keywords: THERMODYNAMICS AND COMBUSTION
    Type: INTL. HEAT TRANSFER CONFERENCE; AUG. 31-SEP. 5, 1970; VERSAILLES; FRANCE
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Description: The satellite-observed high correlations between magnetic and electric field perturbations in the high-latitude field-aligned current regions are investigated by examining the dependence of the relationship between Delta-B and E on spatial scale, using the electric and magnetic field data obtained by DE 2 in the polar regions. The results are compared with the Pedersen conductivity inferred from the international reference ionosphere model and the Alfven wave velocity calculated from the in situ ion density and magnetic field measurements.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 97; A9 S; 13
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Description: We present high resolution H-band polarized intensity (PI; FWHM = 0."1: 14 AU) and L'-band imaging data (FWHM = 0."11: 15 AU) of the circumstellar disk around the weak-lined T Tauri star PDS 70 in Centaurus at a radial distance of 28 AU (0."2) up to 210 AU (1."5). In both images, a giant inner gap is clearly resolved for the first time, and the radius of the gap is approx.70 AU. Our data show that the geometric center of the disk shifts by approx.6 AU toward the minor axis. We confirm that the brown dwarf companion candidate to the north of PDS 70 is a background star based on its proper motion. As a result of SED fitting by Monte Carlo radiative transfer modeling, we infer the existence of an optically thick inner disk at a few AU. Combining our observations and modeling, we classify the disk of PDS 70 as a pre-transitional disk. Furthermore, based on the analysis of L'-band imaging data, we put an upper limit mass of companions at approx.30 to approx.50MJ within the gap. Taking account of the presence of the large and sharp gap, we suggest that the gap could be formed by dynamical interactions of sub-stellar companions or multiple unseen giant planets in the gap. Subject headings: planetary systems - protoplanetary disks - stars: individual (PDS 70) - stars: pre-main sequence - polarization
    Keywords: Astronomy
    Type: GSFC-E-DAA-TN7206 , ; L19
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: The relation between electron temperature enhancement and large amplitude Pc 1 wave injections in the upper ionosphere is investigated using the data obtained by the Dynamics Explorer 2 spacecraft. Results can be summarized as follows: (1) The region of the temperature enhancement coincides with that of the wave injection which is latitudinally very narrow (less than 100 km) in comparison with the wavelength along the ambient magnetic field (several hundred kilometers). (2) The duration of the wave injection (or the temperature enhancement) seems to be less than a few hours even under quiet geomagnetic conditions, and/or the injection seems to be very localized, not only latitudinally, but also longitudinally. (3) The appearance and the magnitude of temperature enhancement depend on both the wave amplitude and the satellite altitude. (4) Two of the 22 events that were analyzed show a clear enhancement of low-energy electron flux (5 to 30 eV) at the wave injection, and the flux is field-aligned both downward and upward. The region of the temperature enhancement coincides with that of the downward electron flux. From these results, it is suggested that the temperature enhancement which accompanies large-amplitude waves with Pc 1 pulsation frequencies (0.2 to 5 Hz) is caused by the direct acceleration of thermal electrons at low altitudes by the parallel electric field (0.01 to 0.001 mV/m) of the ion-cyclotron waves (kinetic Alfven waves) having an oblique wave normal.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Journal of Geophysical Research (ISSN 0148-0227); 99; A4; p. 6187-6199
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: We present high-resolution H-band polarized intensity (FWHM=0".1:14AU) and L'-band imaging data(FWHM= 0".11:15 AU) of the circumstellar disk around the weak-lined T Tauri star PDS 70 in Centaurus at a radial distance of 28 AU (0".2) up to 210 AU (1".5). In both images, a giant inner gap is clearly resolved for the first time, and the radius of the gap is approx.70 AU. Our data show that the geometric center of the disk shifts by approx.6 AU toward the minor axis. We confirm that the brown dwarf companion candidate to the north of PDS 70 is a background star based on its proper motion. As a result of spectral energy distribution fitting by Monte Carlo radiative transfer modeling, we infer the existence of an optically thick inner disk at a few AU. Combining our observations and modeling, we classify the disk of PDS 70 as a pre-transitional disk. Furthermore, based on the analysis of L'-band imaging data, we put an upper limit of approx.30 to approx.50 M(sub J) on the mass of companions within the gap. Taking into account the presence of the large and sharp gap, we suggest that the gap could be formed by dynamical interactions of sub-stellar companions or multiple unseen giant planets in the gap. Key words: planetary systems - polarization - protoplanetary disks - stars: individual (PDS 70) - stars: pre-main sequence.
    Keywords: Astrophysics
    Type: GSFC-E-DAA-TN7121 , Astrophysical Journal Letters; 758; L19
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: The formation scenario of a gapped disk, i.e., transitional disk, and its asymmetry is still under debate. Proposed scenarios such as disk-planet interaction, photoevaporation, grain growth, anticyclonic vortex, eccentricity, and their combinations would result in different radial distributions of the gas and the small (sub-micron size) and large (millimeter size) dust grains as well as asymmetric structures in a disk. Optical/near-infrared (NIR) imaging observations and (sub-)millimeter interferometry can trace small and large dust grains, respectively; therefore multi-wavelength observations could help elucidate the origin of complicated structures of a disk. Here we report Submillimeter Array observations of the dust continuum at 1.3 mm and CO-12 J = 2 yields 1 line emission of the pre-transitional protoplanetary disk around the solar-mass star PDS 70. PDS 70, a weak-lined T Tauri star, exhibits a gap in the scattered light from its disk with a radius of approx. 65 AU at NIR wavelengths. However, we found a larger gap in the disk with a radius of approx. 80 AU at 1.3 mm. Emission from all three disk components (the gas and the small and large dust grains) in images exhibits a deficit in brightness in the central region of the disk, in particular, the dust disk in small and large dust grains has asymmetric brightness. The contrast ratio of the flux density in the dust continuum between the peak position to the opposite side of the disk reaches 1.4. We suggest the asymmetries and different gap radii of the disk around PDS 70 are potentially formed by several (unseen) accreting planets inducing dust filtration.
    Keywords: Astrophysics
    Type: GSFC-E-DAA-TN32900 , The Astrophysical Journal (e-ISSN 2041-8213); 799; 1; 43
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Spatially-resolved imaging of Herbig stars and related objects began with HST, but intensified with commissioning of high-contrast imagers on 8-m class telescopes. The bulk of the data taken from the ground have been polarized intensity imagery at H-band, with the majority of the sources observed as part of the Strategic Exploration of Exoplanets and Disks with Subaru (SEEDS) survey. Sufficiently many systems have been imaged that we discuss disk properties in scattered, polarized light in terms of groups defined by the IR spectral energy distribution. We find novel phenomena in many of the disks, including spiral density waves, and discuss the disks in terms of clearing mechanisms. Some of the disks have sufficient data to map the dust and gas components, including water ice dissociation products.
    Keywords: Astrophysics; Astronomy
    Type: GSFC-E-DAA-TN32902 , Astrophysics and Space Science (e-ISSN 1572-946X); oume 355; 2; 253-266
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: We present the direct imaging discovery of an extrasolar planet, or possible low-mass brown dwarf, at a projected separation of 55 plus or minus 2 AU (1."058 plus or minus 0."007) from the B9-type star K And. The planet was detected with Subaru/HiCIAO (Subaru/High Contrast Instrument for the Subaru Next Generation Adaptive Optics) during the SEEDS (Strategic Exploration of Exoplanets and Disks with Subaru Telescope/HiCIAO) survey and confirmed as a bound companion via common proper motion measurements. Observed near-infrared magnitudes of J equals 16.3 plus or minus 0.3, H equals 15.2 plus or minus 0.2, K (sub s) = 14.6 plus or minus 0.4, and L prime equals 13.12 plus or minus 0.09 indicate a temperature of approximately 1700 degrees Kelvin. The galactic kinematics of the host star are consistent with membership in the Columba Association, implying a corresponding age of 30 (exp from plus 20 to minus10) Myr. The systems age, combined with the companion photometry, points to a model-dependent companion mass approximately 12.8 times the mass of Jupiter. The host stars estimated mass of 2.4 to 2.5 times the mass of the sun places it among the most massive stars ever known to harbor an extrasolar planet or low-mass brown dwarf. While the mass of the companion is close to the deuterium burning limit, its mass ratio, orbital separation, and likely planet-like formation scenario imply that it may be best defined as a super-Jupiter with properties similar to other recently discovered companions to massive stars.
    Keywords: Astrophysics
    Type: GSFC-E-DAA-TN7687 , The Astrophysical Journal Letters (ISSN 2041-8205) (e-ISSN 2041-8213); 763; 2; L32
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2015-09-16
    Description: We estimate the mean steric sea level variations over the 60 degrees S-60 degrees N oceanic domain for the recent period (from August 2002 to April 2006), by combining sea level data from Jason-1 altimetry with time-variable gravity data from GRACE. The observed global mean sea level change from satellite altimetry results in total from steric plus ocean mass change. As GRACE measurements averaged over the ocean represents the ocean mass change component only, the difference between GRACE and altimetry observations provides an estimate of the mean steric sea level. Two different sets of GRACE geoid solutions (the GRGS EIGEN-GL04 and the GFZ EIGEN-GRACE04S products) have been used. Each GRACE data set ranges over approximately 3 yr or more (August 2002-April 2006 for the GRGS geoids and February 2003-February 2006 for the GFZ geoids). We first focus on the seasonal variations. The two GRACE data sets agree very well in terms of mean annual mass variation, both in amplitude (approximately 7.3 mm equivalent sea level) and phase (maximum on October 14). For both time spans, Jason-1 sea level minus GRACE ocean mass has an annual amplitude of approximately 5.8 mm with a maximum on March 11. The latter signal compares well with the steric annual sea level estimated from the World Ocean 2004 climatology and the Ishii et al. [M. Ishii, M. Kimoto, K. Sakamoto, and S. I. Iwasaki, Steric sea level changes estimated from historical ocean subsurface temperature and salinity analyses, Journal of Oceanography, 62 (2) (2006) 155-170.] ocean temperature data. We also examine the interannual fluctuations of the Jason-1 minus GRACE sea level. The two resulting steric sea level time series (based on the two GRACE data sets) agree well. The inferred steric sea level curve exhibits an increasing trend during the last 3.5 yr (August 2002-April 2006), of the same order of magnitude as the 1993-2003 steric sea level trend computed with in situ hydrographic data. However, over the last 3.5 yr, we note a strong discrepancy between altimetry minus GRACE and in situ-based steric sea level trend, the latter exhibiting a negative slope. The cause for such a discrepancy is yet unknown but may be related to inadequate sampling of in situ ocean temperature measurements.
    Type: http://purl.org/escidoc/metadata/ves/publication-types/article
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2016-11-09
    Description: The ubiquitous opportunistic human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa has five terminal oxidases for aerobic respiration and uses them under different growth conditions. Two of them are cbb3-type cytochrome c oxidases encoded by the gene clusters ccoN1O1Q1P1 and ccoN2O2Q2P2, which are the main terminal oxidases under high- and low-oxygen conditions, respectively. P....
    Print ISSN: 0027-8424
    Electronic ISSN: 1091-6490
    Topics: Biology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General
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