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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Coral reefs 5 (1986), S. 117-125 
    ISSN: 1432-0975
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract Sediment-transport rates in and around Salt River submarine canyon, St. Croix, U.S.V.I., were measured over a 2-year period using bedload traps and Legrangian sediment-tracer experiments. Sodiments generatly move in a westerly direction along the north shore of St. Croix. Consequently, sediment moves into the canyon at a higher rate over the eastern margin (47,000 kg/m-year) than over the west wall (19,000 kg/m-year). As a result, extensive reef growth is limited to the west wall, and the inner portion of the eastern margin is a cobblecovered slope inhabited primarily by gorgonians and a few sediment-tolerant corals. Sedimentation exhibits similar controls on other reefs around the island. At Cane Bay, sedimentation rates are lower than at Salt River, and reef development is accordingly greater. Along the east side of Christiansted canyon and the downdrift margin at Sandy Point, extreme sedimentation has completely buried the reefs. Sediment transport was an order of magnitude higher during storms than during fair weather. Under all conditions measured, the amount of sediment exported from the canyon was considerably below that entering over the canyon walls. It is hypothesized that major hurricanes periodically flush the excess, and keep long-term sediment influx and export in balance.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
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    Unknown
    Springer
    In:  In: Coral Reefs at the Crossroads. , ed. by Hubbard, D. K., Rogers, C. S., Lipps, J. H. and Stanley, G. D. Coral Reefs of the World, 6 . Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 127-153. ISBN 978-94-017-7567-0
    Publication Date: 2017-03-22
    Type: Book chapter , NonPeerReviewed
    Format: text
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2017-01-04
    Description: Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2008. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Paleoceanography 23 (2008): PA3102, doi:10.1029/2007PA001572.
    Description: We analyzed strontium/calcium ratios (Sr/Ca) in four colonies of the Atlantic coral genus Montastrea with growth rates ranging from 2.3 to 12.6 mm a−1. Derived Sr/Ca–sea surface temperature (SST) calibrations exhibit significant differences among the four colonies that cannot be explained by variations in SST or seawater Sr/Ca. For a single coral Sr/Ca ratio of 8.8 mmol mol−1, the four calibrations predict SSTs ranging from 24.0° to 30.9°C. We find that differences in the Sr/Ca–SST relationships are correlated systematically with the average annual extension rate (ext) of each colony such that Sr/Ca (mmol mol−1) = 11.82 (±0.13) – 0.058 (±0.004) × ext (mm a−1) – 0.092 (±0.005) × SST (°C). This observation is consistent with previous reports of a link between coral Sr/Ca and growth rate. Verification of our growth-dependent Sr/Ca–SST calibration using a coral excluded from the calibration reconstructs the mean and seasonal amplitude of the actual recorded SST to within 0.3°C. Applying a traditional, nongrowth-dependent Sr/Ca–SST calibration derived from a modern Montastrea to the Sr/Ca ratios of a conspecific coral that grew during the early Little Ice Age (LIA) (400 years B.P.) suggests that Caribbean SSTs were 〉5°C cooler than today. Conversely, application of our growth-dependent Sr/Ca–SST calibration to Sr/Ca ratios derived from the LIA coral indicates that SSTs during the 5-year period analyzed were within error (±1.4°C) of modern values.
    Description: This work was funded by National Science Foundation (NSF) grant OCE- 0402728, the WHOI Ocean and Climate Change Institute, and an NSF Graduate Student Fellowship.
    Keywords: Coral ; Strontium/calcium ; Growth rate
    Repository Name: Woods Hole Open Access Server
    Type: Article
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 4
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    Unknown
    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Saenger, Casey; Cohen, Anne L; Oppo, Delia W; Hubbard, Dennis (2008): Interpreting sea surface temperature from strontium/calcium ratios in Montastrea corals: Link with growth rate and implications for proxy reconstructions|. Paleoceanography, 23(3), PA3102, https://doi.org/10.1029/2007PA001572
    Publication Date: 2020-02-22
    Description: We analyzed strontium/calcium ratios (Sr/Ca) in four colonies of the Atlantic coral genus Montastrea with growth rates ranging from 2.3 to 12.6 mm/a. Derived Sr/Ca-sea surface temperature (SST) calibrations exhibit significant differences among the four colonies that cannot be explained by variations in SST or seawater Sr/Ca. For a single coral Sr/Ca ratio of 8.8 mmol/mol, the four calibrations predict SSTs ranging from 24.0° to 30.9°C. We find that differences in the Sr/Ca-SST relationships are correlated systematically with the average annual extension rate (ext) of each colony such that Sr/Ca (mmol/mol) = 11.82 (±0.13) - 0.058 (±0.004) * ext (mm/a) - 0.092 (±0.005) * SST (°C). This observation is consistent with previous reports of a link between coral Sr/Ca and growth rate. Verification of our growth-dependent Sr/Ca-SST calibration using a coral excluded from the calibration reconstructs the mean and seasonal amplitude of the actual recorded SST to within 0.3°C. Applying a traditional, nongrowth-dependent Sr/Ca-SST calibration derived from a modern Montastrea to the Sr/Ca ratios of a conspecific coral that grew during the early Little Ice Age (LIA) (400 years B.P.) suggests that Caribbean SSTs were 〉5°C cooler than today. Conversely, application of our growth-dependent Sr/Ca-SST calibration to Sr/Ca ratios derived from the LIA coral indicates that SSTs during the 5-year period analyzed were within error (±1.4°C) of modern values.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 79 data points
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 1985-02-01
    Print ISSN: 0198-0149
    Electronic ISSN: 1878-2477
    Topics: Biology , Geosciences , Physics
    Published by Elsevier
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 1998-03-01
    Print ISSN: 0891-2556
    Electronic ISSN: 1878-5212
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Springer
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