Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying
Abstract The political organization of space responds to several potentially conflicting problems. These logically divide between functional problems, which deal with the spatial requirements of a specific service, and system problems, which deal with the spatial requirements of the area and clientele being served. The functional arguments call for thresholds so that jurisdictions are large enough, and accessibility to assure that they are small enough. The systems arguments are also split. Externalities problems require larger jurisdictions, public choice problems require small ones. The solutions to the simultaneous problems may be in conflict, so trade-offs may have to be made. Adapting services to an area, one may assess jointness and distributional efficiency in an effort to derive a solution.
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