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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2019-01-25
    Description: Evaluation of earlier observations indicated that layered rims on coarse-grained Allende CAI's were possibly the result of partial melting by ablation/drag-heating and reaction of CAI exteriors with a gas or gases of non-solar composition. Bunch and Chang reported the common occurrence of thin, fine-grained, matrix-like bands that at least partially surround rims of CAI's. Although material in these bands in general appears to be similar to matrix, SEM observations show them to be dissimilar in volatile element content, mineral composition, and grain morphology. Moreover, they appear to be related in time of formation with rim development and Na-metasomatism of CAI's. Observations indicate a short-lived but intense heating episode followed by radid cooling as the mechanism responsible for these CAI features.
    Keywords: SOLAR PHYSICS
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Institute The 47th Ann. Meteoritical Soc. Meeting; 1 p
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  • 2
  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-06-08
    Description: We analyze the new mid-infrared maps of NGC 6946 for variations in the color ratio fo the 7-to-15(micro)m emission. Our preliminary findings are that this mid-infrared color is remarkably constant between arms and inter-arm regions, and as a function of radius in the disk, excluding the nuclear region.
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-06-08
    Description: We report ISO Long Wavelength Spectrometer (LWS) observations fo the Sbc(s) pec galaxy NGC 5713. We have obtained strong detections of the fine-structure forbidden transitions [C(sub ii)] 158(micro)m, [O(sub i)]63(micro)m, and [O(sub iii)] 88(micro)m, and significant upper limits for[N(sub ii)]122(micro)m, [O(sub iii)] 52(micro)m, and [N(sub iii)] 57(micro)m. We also detect the galaxy's dust continuum emission between 43 and 197 microns.
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2018-06-08
    Description: The nearby spiral galaxy NGC 6946 was observed with ISO-CAM in the mid-infrared, achieving 7inch resolution and sub-MJy sr(sup -1) sensitivity. Images taken with CAM filters LW2 (7(micro)m) and LW3 (15(micro)m) are analyzed to determine the morphology of this galaxy and understand beter the emission mechanisms.
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-08-24
    Description: The implications of recent near-infrared imaging and spectroscopy of the Galactic center stellar cluster are discussed. The central parsec appears to be powered by a cluster of hot, massive stars of which the IRS 16 complex is the central core. In the 1 to 2 micrometer band, the brightest members of this cluster are 10 to 15 HeI/HI emission line stars that can be characterized as approximately 20000 K, helium rich, very luminous supergiants. The He-I/H-I stars can account for a major fraction of the total and Lyman continuum luminosity of the central parsec, but hotter, earlier type stars are probably required in addition to account for the He-continuum. The brightest cool stars in the central parsec are red supergiants, and asymptotic giant branch stars. Two scenarios for the evolution of the central stellar core are presented: one involves a small star formation burst years ago that was the result of substantial prior gas influx into the core. In this scenario the Galactic center is presently in a short-lived, post-main sequence 'wind phase'. The second scenario involves the buildup of massive stars by sequential merging of lower mass stars. The intense mass loss from the hot stars probably affects strongly the gas dynamics in the central 0.1 pc and may prevent gas to accelerate onto the possible central hole.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Max-Planck-Inst. fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, MPE Contributions to the Proceedings of the Conference on Nuclei of Normal Galaxies: Lessons Learned From the Galactic Center; 8 p
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The first detection of the ground state fine structure transition of Si+ at a rest wavelength determined to be 34.815 + or - 0.004 micron are reported. These observations were obtained with the facility spectrometer on NASA's Kuiper Airborne Observatory. A 6' NW-SE strip scan across the Orion-KL region shows SiII emission from both the extended photodissociation region surrounding theta 1 Ori C and from the shocked gas NW of BN-KL. The inferred gas-phase silicon elemental abundance relative to hydrogen in the dense 10 to the 5/cc primarily neutral photodissociation region is approximately 2.6 x to the -6, a factor of 0.075 times the solar value and 3.4 times greater than the abundance in the moderate density approx. 10 to the 3/cc cloud toward zeta Oph. The silicon abundance in the shocked gas is approximately solar, indicating that any pre-existing grains have been destroyed in the shock wave or that the preshock gas carries a near solar abundance of gas phase silicon. The shock-excited SiII (34.8 micron) emission may arise from shocked wind material in the outflow around IRc2, with wind velocities approx. 100 km/s.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: NASA-TM-86850 , REPT-85433 , PREPRINT-SERIES-43 , NAS 1.15:86850
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The 3P1 - 3P2 fine structure line emission from neutral atomic oxygen at 63 microns in the vicinity of the galactic center was mapped. The emission is extended over more than 4' (12 pc) along the galactic plane, centered on the position of Sgr A West. The line center velocities show that the O I gas is rotating around the galactic center with an axis close to that of the general galactic rotation, but there appear also to be noncircular motions. The rotational velocity at R is approximately 1 pc corresponds to a mass within the central pc of about 3 x 10(6) solar mass. Between 1 and 6 pc from the center the mass is approximately proportional to radius. The (O I) line probability arises in a predominantly neutral, atomic region immediately outside of the ionized central parsec of out galaxy. Hydrogen densities in the (O I) emitting region are 10(3) to 10(6) cm(-3) and gas temperatures are or = 100 K. The total integrated luminosity radiated in the line is about 10(5) solar luminosity, and is a substantial contribution to the cooling of the gas. Photoelectric heating or heating by ultraviolet excitation of H2 at high densities (10(5) cm(-3)) are promising mechanisms for heating of the gas, but heating due to dissipation of noncircular motions of the gas may be an alternative possibility. The 3P1 - 3P0 fine structure line of (O III) at 88 microns toward Sgr A West was also detected. The (O III) emission comes from high density ionized gas (n 10(4) cm(-3)), and there is no evidence for a medium density region (n 10(3) cm(-3)), such as the ionized halo in Sgr A West deduced from radio observations. This radio halo may be nonthermal, or may consist of many compact, dense clumps of filaments on the inner edges of neutral condensations at R or = 2 pc.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: NASA-CR-166510 , NAS 1.26:166510
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The infrared intensities which would be observed by the Shuttle Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF), and which are produced by surface chemistry following atmospheric impact on SIRTF and the shuttle are estimated. Three possible sources of reactants are analyzed: (1) direct atmospheric and scattered contaminant fluxes onto the shuttle's surface; (2) direct atmospheric and scattered contaminant fluxes onto the SIRTF sunshade; and (3) scattered fluxes onto the cold SIRTF mirror. The chemical reactions are primarily initiated by the dominent flux of reactive atomic oxygen on the surfaces. Using observations of the optical glow to constrain theoretical parameters, it is estimated for source (1) that the infrared glow on the SIRTF mirror will be comparable to the zodiacal background between 1 and 10 micron wavelengths. It is speculated that oxygen reacts with the atoms and the radicals bound in the organic molecules that reside on the shuttle and the Explorer surfaces. It is concluded that for source (2) that with suitable construction, a warm sunshade will produce insignificant infrared glow. It is noted that the atomic oxygen flux on the cold SIRTF mirror (3) is insufficient to produce significant infrared glow. Infrared absorption by the ice buildup on the mirror is also small.
    Keywords: SPACE SCIENCES (GENERAL)
    Type: NASA-TM-85875 , A-9595 , NAS 1.15:85875
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The best wavelength for observing Jupiter-size planetary companions to stars other than the Sun is one at which a planet's thermal emission is strongest; typically this would occur in the far-infrared region. It is assumed that the orbiting infrared telescope used is diffraction-limited so that the resolution of the planet from the central star is accomplished in the wings of the star's Airy pattern. Proxima Centauri, Barnard's Star, Wolf 359, and Epsilon Eridani are just a few of the many nearest main-sequence stars that could be studied with the large deployable relfector (LDR). The detectability of a planet improves for warmer planets and less luminous stars; therefore, planets around white dwarfs and those young planets which have sufficient internal gravitational energy release so as to cause a significant increase in their temperatures are considered. If white dwarfs are as old as they are usually assumed to be (5-10 billion yr), then only the nearest white dwarf (Sirius B) is within the range of LDR. The Ursa Major cluster and Perseu cluster are within LDR's detection range mainly because of their proximity and young age, respectively.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: NASA-TM-85874 , A-9592 , NAS 1.15:85874
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