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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-0794
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Notes: Abstract Cosmic ray exposure ages of lunar samples have been used to date surface features related to impact cratering and downslope movement of material. Only when multiple samples related to a feature have the same rare gas exposure age, or when a single sample has the same81Kr-Kr and track exposure age can a feature be considered reliably dated. Because any single lunar sample is likely to have had a complex exposure history, assignment of ages to features based upon only one determination by any method should be avoided. Based on the above criteria, there are only five well-dated lunar features: Cone Crater (Apollo 14) 26 m.y., North Ray Crater (Apollo 16) 50 m.y., South Ray Crater (Apollo 16) 2 m.y., the emplacement of the Station 6 boulders (Apollo 17) 22 m.y., and the emplacement of the Station 7 boulder (Apollo 17) 28 m.y. Other features are tentatively dated or have limits set on their ages: Bench Crater (Apollo 12) ⩽99 m.y., Baby Ray Crater (Apollo 16) ⩽2 m.y., Shorty Crater (Apollo 17) ≈ 30 m.y., Camelot Crater (Apollo 17) ⩽140 m.y., the emplacement of the Station 2 boulder 1 (Apollo 17) 45–55 m.y., and the slide which generated the light mantle (Apollo 17) ⩾50 m.y.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-0794
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Notes: Abstract New lunar soils, freshly deposited as impact ejecta, evolve into more mature soils by a complex set of processes involving both near-surface effects and mixing. Poor vertical mixing statistics and interregional exchange by impact ejection complicate the interpretation of soil maturization. Impact ejecta systematics are developed for the smaller cratering events which, with cumulative crater populations observed in young mare regions and on Copernicus ejecta fields, yield rates and a range distribution for the horizontal transport of material by impact processes. The deposition rate for material originating more than 1 m away is found to be about 8 mm m.y.−1 Material from 10 km away accumulates at a rate of about 0.08 mm m.y.−1, providing a steady influx of foreign material. From the degradation of boulder tracks, a rate of 5±3 cm m.y.−1 is computed for the filling of shallow lunar depressions on slopes. Mass wastage and downslope movement of bedrock outcroppings on Hadley Rille seems to be proceeding at a rate of about 8 mm m.y.−1 The Camelot profile is suggestive of a secondary impact feature.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0967
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract We report the results of noble gas analyses (Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe) of a transitional basalt from the East Pacific Rise; a mantle xenolith, alkali basalt and trachyte from Guadalupe Island; and a basalt and icelandite from Isla Tortuga. The results for the East Pacific Rise basalt and comparison with the noble gas compositions of glassy mid-ocean ridge tholeiites indicate that the heavy noble gas patterns of these basalts can be accounted for by mixing of a juvenile reservoir with an atmosphere-related reservoir. This mixing may take place during hydration of the glassy basalts. Comparison of the noble gas compositions of these submarine basalts with those of the subaerial oceanic extrusives studied suggests that subaerial extrusives may provide noble gas samples which are less contaminated with air gases than do submarine extrusives. Our results for Guadalupe and Tortuga basalts and their differentiates provide evidence for the exsolution and loss of a gas (fluid) phase accompanying or subsequent to fractional crystallization at shallow depths. The gas loss probably took place prior to extrusion and was apparently rapid, since it did not fractionate the heavy noble gases.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Enstatite meteorites have proven to be ideal samples for past studies of the I-Xe system. This work focuses on two enstatite meteorites that were formed by impact processes. Ilafegh 009 is a clast-free impact melt rock from the EL chondrite parent body. The Shallowater aubrite likely formed when a fully molten planetesimal collided with a solid planetesimal, mixing fragments of the solid planetesimal into the enstatite mantle of the molten planetesimal. A complex three-stage cooling history resulted from this mixing and later break-up and reassembly of the parent body. The present study indicates that the I-Xe structure of these two meteorites resulted from in situ decay of live I-129 and that both experienced xenon closure of the iodine host phase at approximately the same time. I-Xe cooling rates are consistent with the cooling rates derived from mineralogic and petrologic studies of these objects. The similarities in ages suggest that the region of the nebula in which enstatite parent bodies formed must have experienced an intense early bombardment.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Twenty-Fourth Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. Part 2: G-M; p 777-778
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2005-11-30
    Description: All mineral detectors exposed on Apollo 16 had high surface track densities probably produced by a solar flare that occurred during the mission. The heavy ions followed a power law spectrum with exponent approximately 3 down to approximately 200 KeV/nucleon. The abundance of low-energy particle tracks observed in this flare may explain the high track densities observed in lunar dust grains. Pristine heavy-particle tracks in feldspar give long tracks. Shallow pits similar to those expected from extremely heavy solar wind ions were observed in about the expected number. Initial results give a low apparent value of neutron albedo relative to theory.
    Keywords: SPACE RADIATION
    Type: NASA. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Apollo 16 Prelim. Sci. Rept.; 14 p
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-07-18
    Description: Selective laser extraction has demonstrated that meteoritic diamonds may consist of subpopulations with different optical absorption properties, but it is not clear what makes them optically different. More work is needed to understand the mechanism for selective laser extraction. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.
    Keywords: Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIII; LPI-Contrib-1109
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-07-18
    Description: Presolar-grain abundances show that C chondrites consist of two quite distinct groups, those containing primitive material, and those consisting of processed material. Ordinary chondrites are intermediate in many properties between these groups. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.
    Keywords: Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIII; LPI-Contrib-1109
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-07-17
    Description: New, suggestive results of selective laser extraction of Xe-H were obtained for Indarch and Allende nanodiamonds. However, due to large experimental uncertainties we cannot make any certain conclusions on the separability of Xe-HL. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.
    Keywords: Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXII; LPI-Contrib-1080
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-07-17
    Description: The I-Xe chronometer is based upon decay of I-129 to Xe-129 in the early Solar System. Recent comparison of I-Xe system in individual mineral separates from twelve different meteorites with independent Pb-Pb data has demonstrated that I-Xe clock is a reliable sensitive chronometer when applied to a single mineral system. Since most iodine hosts are secondary minerals, the I-Xe clock generally records post-formational processing, providing the information on early meteorite evolution. Absolute I-Xe ages can be found by normalization using the measured I-Xe and Pb-Pb ages of Acapulco phosphate (4.557 plus or minus 0.002 Ga). Absolute ages for the I-Xe internal standards Shallow water and Bjurbole, 4.566 plus or minus 0.002 Ga and 4.565 plus or minus 0.003 Ga, respectively, provide absolute I-Xe ages for all other samples. The I-Xe age of bulk meteorite is meaningful and interpretable only when the carrier of primordial iodine is a major mineral phase (e. g., enstatite chondrites). Using the "monomineral" approach, separated phases from the Richardton H5 chondrite provide a case history of post-formational alteration in this object. This work applies the I-Xe chronometer to determine the times of reprocessing of selected minerals in single meteorite types. A preliminary account of this work was recently reported. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.
    Keywords: Atomic and Molecular Physics
    Type: Ninth Annual V. M. Goldschmidt Conference; LPI-Contrib-971
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-07-17
    Description: Some CFF-Xe (Chemically Fractionated Fission Xenon), whose isotopic composition is established by simultaneous decay and migration of radioactive fission products, is probably present in the Earth's lithosphere, a conclusion based on available Xe data from various crustal and mantle rocks . Our recent isotopic analysis of Xe in alumophosphate from zone 13 of Okelobondo (southern extension of Oklo), along with the independent estimation of the isotopic composition of atmospheric fission Xe , supports the hypothesis that CFF-Xe was produced on a planetary scale. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.
    Keywords: Environment Pollution
    Type: Ninth Annual V. M. Goldschmidt Conference; LPI-Contrib-971
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