Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
A new, general synthesis of the first β-substituted tetra- and hexaalkyl terpyrroles is described. Also described are two new classes of expanded porphyrins derived from the hexaalkyl terpyrrole. The key step in the terpyrrole formation is the copper(II)-mediated oxidative coupling of the LDA-derived enolates of α-keto pyrroles. The first new expanded porphyrin reported here, the so-called “orangarin”, contains five pyrrolic subunits and two bridging carbon atoms, and is formally a 20π-electron nonaromatic macrocycle. The second new class of expanded porphyrins, the “amethyrins”, are 24π-electron nonaromatic macrocycles containing six pyrrole units. Both of these new macrocycles, as well as one of the new terpyrrolic precursors have been structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis.
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