The trend of using volunteered and collaborative data in the context of natural disasters has been increasing. This fact, together with floods and inundations, which occur in the city of Sao Paulo, makes it possible to explore the volunteered and collaborative way of generating and transmitting geographic data dynamically. This can be done by using technologies affordable to the population, such as the Internet, the global positioning system and other monitoring systems embedded in mobiles. This article aims to present the proposal of a conceptual scheme for a dynamic and collaborative mapping system of flooding points, whose data source comes from people equipped with mobile devices that allow identify their locations. The results correspond to the conceptual scheme of the system as well as the prototype ‘Flooding Points’ – a map available on the web showing the flooding points in the city, which were provided at the time of the event by ordinary people. The prototype was developed by using the free and open source Crowdmap/Ushahidi platform. The system was assessed by a questionnaire answered by the users, who gave their opinion about its feasibility, as well as the adjustments which must be made for the population's effective use. It was found that the application of system for subjects of inundation and flooding is complex in relation for other types of events due to its temporal dynamics characteristics. The results of the questionnaire, applied to evaluate the system, demonstrated the public utility of the application and the interest of the population for a dynamic system that enables the exchange of information on the problem of inundation and flooding in near real time in the city of Sao Paulo.
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying