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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: Multiobject spectroscopy results of HII regions in nearby late-type spiral galaxies are given. Results include excitation measurements, log ((O III)/H beta), for 81 regions in M 101, 30 regions in NGC 2403, and 13 regions in M 51. Researchers conclude that late-type spirals can be classified into two distinct populations, examine possible causes of this division, and derive metallicity gradients for these galaxies. M 51 appears to have an anomalously shallow abundance gradient.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: NASA, Ames Research Center, The Interstellar Medium in External Galaxies: Summaries of Contributed Papers; p 169-171
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: Experience with fiber-optic spectrometers has demonstrated improvements in observing efficiency for clusters of 30 or more objects that must in turn be matched by data reduction capability increases. The Medusa Automatic Reduction System reduces data generated by multiobject spectrometers in the form of two-dimensional images containing 44 to 66 individual spectra, using both software and hardware improvements to efficiently extract the one-dimensional spectra. Attention is given to the ridge-finding algorithm for automatic location of the spectra in the CCD frame. A simultaneous extraction of calibration frames allows an automatic wavelength calibration routine to determine dispersion curves, and both line measurements and cross-correlation techniques are used to determine galaxy redshifts.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Silicon with thermally-grown oxide overlayers in the thickness range 15-89 A is studied by angular-dependent XPS. Electron attenuation lengths at 1382 eV are found to be 37 plus or minus 4 A in SiO2 and 27 plus or minus 6 A in Si. Single-crystal effects and thin-layer anomalies are also discussed.
    Keywords: SOLID-STATE PHYSICS
    Type: Chemical Physics Letters; 44; Dec. 1
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-08-12
    Description: Structural phospholipoprotein isolated from hydrogenomonas facilis and neurospora crassa
    Keywords: BIOSCIENCES
    Type: ; ATA UNIVERSITY, BULL
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: We have amassed a large sample of velocity data for the cluster of galaxies Abell 2634 which contains the wide-angle tail (WAT) radio source 3C 465. Robust indicators of location and scale and their confidence intervals are used to determine if the cD galaxy, containing the WAT, has a significant peculiar motion. We find a cD peculiar radial velocity of 219 plus or minus 98 km s(exp -1). Further dynamical analyses, including substructure and normality tests, suggest that A 2634 is an unrelaxed cluster whose radio source structure may be bent by the turbulent gas of a recent cluster-subcluster merger.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: NASA. Ames Research Center, The Evolution of Galaxies and Their Environment; p 269-270
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: An instrument has been built to obtain simultaneous spectra of 32 objects in the field of view of the Steward Observatory 2.3 m telescope. Short lengths of optical fiber are used to bring light from galaxy images at the focus of the telescope into a line at the spectrograph slit. This multi-fiber aperture plate instrument has been dubbed the Medusa Spectrograph. The Medusa is now producing spectra of about 100 galaxies per clear night. An optimized version of the instrument called the MX Spectrometer is being constructed to record spectra at a higher rate. This new instrument will have remotely positioned fibers under computer control. A Charge Coupled Device will be used as the spectrograph detector to allow sky subtraction, give increased dynamic range and provide more accurate wavelength calibration. Transmission characteristics of some commercial fibers are discussed, and the microlens optics used to match the telescope and the spectrograph to the fibers to avoid focal ratio degradation are described.
    Keywords: INSTRUMENTATION AND PHOTOGRAPHY
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: A technique for fabricating large low-cost light-weight borosilicate-glass mirrors for ground and space-based astronomy is described. This technique involves the remelting of glass into complex molds for vacuum-formed ceramic fiber and is used to cast in one piece either waffleplate or full honeycomb sandwich blanks. The construction of molds and the cycle for melting and annealing are described in detail. A 1.1-m square blank with a 22.4-cm-thick face and 1.6-cm ribs, 15-cm deep on 15-cm squares, has been cast, and a 1.8-m circular blank of full honeycomb construction is scheduled for production. The casting of blanks of up to 8-m in diameter is anticipated, with densities of 200 kg/sq m (like that of the ST mirror) being typical of casting.
    Keywords: MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The results of the Task 1 and 2 turbine design work are reported. Preliminary design is discussed. Blading detailed design data are summarized. Predicted performance maps are presented. Steady-state stresses and vibratory behavior are discussed, and the results of the mechanical design analysis are presented.
    Keywords: PROPULSION SYSTEMS
    Type: NASA-CR-2140
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Multipurpose Interactive NASA Information System (MINIS) is data management system capable of retrieving descriptive data from LANDSAT photos. General enough to be used with other user-defined data bases, interactive data management and information retrieval system was especially developed for small and medium-sized computers. It uses free-form data base that allows one to create entirely new and different data bases and to control format of output products.
    Keywords: MATHEMATICS AND INFORMATION SCIENCES
    Type: MFS-23753 , NASA Tech Briefs (ISSN 0145-319X); 4; 2; P. 307
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: The remote sensing technology required for locating, identifying, and monitoring nonpoint, or diffuse, pollution caused by improper land use practices is discussed. Establishment of an information system to include all remote sensed data acquired on the Bay and to disseminate information to users is considered.
    Keywords: EARTH RESOURCES AND REMOTE SENSING
    Type: Appl. of Remote Sensing to the Chesapeake Bay Reg.; p 311-313
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