biphasic calcium phosphate
Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
This study investigated the effects of human growth hormone (hGH) on the monocyte/macrophage lineage, the first cell population involved in degradation of calcium phosphate ceramic after in vivo implantation. Monocytes isolated from human blood were cultured on biphasic calcium pellets (200 mg) for 8 days in the presence of lipopolysaccharides (LPS, 0.5 μg/mL), hGH (10 and 50 ng/mL), or an association of LPS with hGH (10 and 50 ng/mL). Unlike LPS, hGH significantly decreased (about 25%) the total number of lacunae formed by monocytes. However, hGH induced the formation of lacunae with a greater surface area (about a 90% increase) as compared to the control. Finally, intense upmodulation (about a 250% increase) of lacuna surface area was observed in the presence of both soluble factors, suggesting that hGH and LPS act synergistically. In view of the development of a drug delivery system for hGH bone release, this study shows that hGH not only stimulates bone cells implicated in the synthesis of the extracellular matrix but also those involved in the early degradation of calcium phosphate biomaterial. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res, 40, 79-85, 1998.
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